The Myanmar Trade Unions Federation has called for a national daily minimum wage of K8,500 in a statement released a day after the issue was discussed at a conference in Yangon attended by about 180 labour groups.
|Former Yangon mayor, U Aung Thein Lin, with other members of the Union Solidarity and Development Party, in a file photo taken in the commercial capital on August 20, 2010. Photo: EPA|
MP and member of the Farmland Investigation Commission is calling for changes in handling land disputes which he says will make the process faster and more effective.
A failure to end communal tensions in Rakhine State could adversely affect Myanmar’s democratic transformation, Minister of the President’s Office U Aung Min warned on April 27.
KUALA LUMPUR (AFP) – US President Barack Obama warned on April 27 that ethnic and religious conflicts could move Myanmar in a “very bad direction.”
hear source : www.https://merhrom.wordpress.com
SUBMISSION OF ROHINGYA’S APPEALS TO THE HONORABLE PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA.
Kuala Lumpur, 27th April 2014
The issues surrounding the Rohingyas are not happening now but very long time ago since 1940s. However only in June 2012 the outside world knows what exactly the Rohingyas in Arakan State of Myanmar went through over the decades. The Arakan States is like a prison for the Rohingyas where we cannot move freely even to the next village without the permission from the junta. No outsiders are allows to travel inside Arakan State. There is no media coverage in Arakan State even until now. Everything is covered up by the junta. The junta has turns the Arakan State into the darkest corner in the world.
The ethnic cleansing policy towards the Rohingyas by the junta has caused thousands of Rohingyas has been murdered, abused, raped, tortured, arrested and detained for many years. We do not have the rights to redress for whatever abuses and human rights violations committed to us as we are not recognized as the citizen of Myanmar. The persecutions and prosecutions by the junta have caused millions of Rohingyas fled to the neighboring countries. Currently estimated 2 million Rohingyas are seeking refuge in countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Saudi Arabia, Dubai, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.
The Rohingyas are the origin people of Arakan State. We exist in Arakan State since 8th Century and we have a very long history with our Kingdom. However Burma invaded Arakan State in 1784 and since then the Rohingyas were under the tight control of Burma. In 1982 the military pass the Citizenship Law of Burma and the ethnic Rohingyas are excluded as citizen of Burma. Since then the Rohingyas become Stateless in our own homeland. The junta also change the Rohingya history in the history subject in school especially involvement of Rohingya Leaders before and after Burma Independent.
Recently on 13 September 2012, the Myanmar Immigration Minister, Khin Ye announced that the Rohingyas born in Burma are eligible to apply for citizenship if at least two generations of their families have lived and died in the country. However there is no need for the Rohingyas to apply for the citizenship as we are the legitimate citizen of Burma @ Myanmar. He also referred Rohingyas as Bengalis from neighboring Bangladesh, were first brought to Burma as laborers during British occupation from 1824 until its independence in 1948. This is not true as we are not from Bangladesh, we do not speak the same language and our culture is different. Furthermore, Bangladesh government itself does not accept us as their citizen.
Though the United Nations has announced that the Rohingyas are the most prosecuted ethnic in the world but the respective bodies such as the United Nations, OIC, and ASEAN are moving slow in addressing the whole issues. As a result, there are no changes for Rohingyas in Arakan State until now.
What happen to the Rohingyas is not only the ethnic or religion issue but it is more than that. This is a very tragic humanitarian crisis caused by the ethnic cleansing policy by the junta. Therefore the Urgent Intervention from the United Nations Security Council, OIC, ASEAN, World Leaders, International Organizations as well as the International Communities as a whole is very crucial at this point of time and onwards.
Currently, the Rohingyas in Arakan State facing very citical situations as the violations by the Myanmar government continues. More Rohingyas has been arrested, abuse, torture, imprisonment and killed in different way. More Rohingyas died not only by the direct abuse, torture and killing but also indirect killing such as blocking the International Organizations from supplying food, drinks and medical to the Rohingya population. More Rohingyas who in the temporary camp for the past one and half years died due to starvation and diseases.
More Rohingya children died due to diseases and malnutrition. Rohingya population does not have access to the medical care and treatment. The situation is worsening after the attack on the International and United Nations Operations in Arakan State in March. There are severe shortage of food and medical supplies after the attack. More then 170 International Organization and United Nations’s staffs left the country after the attack and this have a severe impact on Rohingya as there will be no more eyes and ears on Rohingyas.
The Myanmar government has taken away the Rohingya family card and forced us to sign a new document stating that we are the Bengalis. The Myanmar government forcefully changes our ethnic background which is severe criminal act and cannot be accepted in this world. During the cencus we are excluded though we are origionally from the Arakan State.
In Arakan, we cannot speak for ourselves as there will be repercussion on us. Therefore we need you to speak for us. Our liberty has been taken away. Therefore we need your liberty to promote ours.
The real criminal which is the President Thien Sein and ex-General Than Shwe and General Kyin Nyunt must be brought to the International Criminal Court (ICC). Three of them must be made accountable for their current and past human rights violations towards ethnic minority Rohingya.
We look for a permanent Solution to our plight. However we cannot struggle alone. Therefore we need the Urgent Intervention from the outside world to change our fate. We cannot delay our ACTION as it will only allow more Rohingyas to die.
Therefore we urgently Appeal to the Honorable President Barack Obama and the government of the United States of America for the followings:
1. add more pressure to the Myanmar government to immediately stop the genocide towards ethnic Rohingya in Myanmar
2. add more pressure to the junta to recognize ethnic Rohingya as a citizen of Burma with equal rights. The Citizenship Law 1982 must be change to ensure due recognition of the right to citizenship of the Rohingya in Burma
3. urge the United Nations Security Council must send its Peace Keeping Mission to Arakan State urgently to stop and monitor the human rights violations
4. the President Thien Sein and former General Than Shwe and General Kyin Nyunt must be brought to the International Criminal Court (ICC) for killing, raping, torturing, detaining and abusing ethnic Rohingya
5. pressure the Myanmar government to release the Rohingyas who are detained during 1988 Demonstration and the other Rohingya prisoners who are innocent. Previously they were detained in Buthidaung, Maungdaw and Sittwe Prisons but since the massacre on Rohingya they were moved to prisons in other states (Shan and Karen State)
6. stop the economic and political relationship with Myanmar until they resolve the conflict and recognized ethnic Rohingya as the citizen of Burma with equal rights.
7. the International Humanitarian Organizations must be allowed to provide urgent assistance to the Rohingyas especially for food, medical and shelter
8. stop referring Rohingyas as Bengalis as we the ethnic Rohingya are the origin people of Arakan State and not the Bengalis.
Mr. Zafar Ahmad Bin Abdul Ghani
Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM)
President of the United States of America
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500
27th April 2014
Dear Honorable President,
RE: SUBMISSION OF ROHINGYA’S APPEALS TO THE HONORABLE PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA.
I am Mr. Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani, President of Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) would like to welcome the Honorable President Barack Obama to Malaysia in this year 2014. We, the Rohingya refugees in Malaysia are overwhelm to know that Honorable President will be coming to Malaysia during your Asian visit.
For your information MERHROM was established in 1998 to work on refugees, human rights and democracy issues. In 1988, I was involved in the mass demonstration for democracy and human rights in Myanmar. I had to flee Myanmar in 1988 because I was on the junta wanted list.
MERHROM is in touch with local and international organizations working on refugees, human rights and democracy issues such as Human Rights Watch, Refugees International, Amnesty International, Forum Asia, ALTSEAN Burma etc on regular basis.
In Malaysia, MERHROM is in touch with Diplomatic Missions especially United States of America, Britain, European Union as well as ASEAN and OIC countries.
We strongly believe that you are very concern about the violence in Arakan State of Myanmar that causing thousands of minority Rohingya died in different ways. More than 140,000 Rohingya lost their houses and become homeless. Currently they are staying in temporary camp with severe lack of food, clean water, medicine and other basic needs. Hundreds or even thousands of Rohingyas died in the camp due to starvation and diseases. Thousands of Rohingya children suffered from malnutrition.
The current situations are still very bad with continuous killing, rape, torture and arrest of Rohingyas. The continuous violations toward Rohingya has caused thousands of Rohingyas fled the country and seek refuge in neighboring countries especially in Malaysia. Thousands of Rohingya boat people died in the ocean over the years while escaping prosecutions from the Myanmar government.
We would like to emphasize that the violence involving Rohingya and Rakhine is instigated by the Myanmar government following to their Ethnic Cleansing Policy towards Rohingyas. We were oppressed silently by the Myanmar government for many decades. The plight of Rohingya was known to the world at large. The United Nations declared that the Rohingya is the most prosecuted ethnic in the world. That shows how bad the situation is.
Due to the oppression from the Myanmar government, estimated 2 million Rohingya fled the country and become refugees and asylum seekers in countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Arab Saudi.
The Rohingyas were made Stateless by the Myanmar government. Currently the Myanmar government not only attacking the Rohingya but also minority Muslim from other ethnic group across Myanmar.
There will be more people will be murdered if there is no intervention from outside world. We are very much hoping that the World Leaders like the Honorable President could Urgently Intervene to deal with the Myanmar government to stop the genocide against Rohingya and Muslim minorities in Myanmar. The Myanmar government must stop the mass killing of innocent people immediately and protect the rights of the minorities.
If the World Leaders and the United Nations fail to stop the Myanmar government from their plan to clean Rohingya and Muslim from Myanmar, there will be more people will be murdered and Myanmar will only become a country that produce refugees in the region which has a severe impact not only to the ASEAN countries but also to the world. This definitely will have a serious impact to their political and economic reform process.
Therefore, we are very much hoping to see the Honorable President personally to submit the Rohingya’s APPEALS for your attention and intervention. We, the refugees cannot travel outside to meet you. Therefore we really want to seize this opportunity to see you personally.
We thank you very much for your attention and intervention to resolve the Rohingya Plight. Please save the Rohingyas from the State Sponsored Ethnic Cleansing.
We look forward for your positive response in regards to the submission of Rohingya’s Appeals to you personally.
Mr. Zafar Ahmad Bin Abdul Ghani
Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM)
Tel No: +6016-6827287
The Muslim massacre of 1942 in Arakan, Burma (Before Independence)
When British withdrew, the administration of Arakan division was entrusted to a Magh Buddhist extremist, U KyawKhine, with the power of commissioner of Arakan division. Many British soldiers left leaving behind a large number of arms, which easily reached the hand of Maghs.
The barbaric Muslim massacre started on 28th March 1942 at the order of Thakin leaders of Arakan. The Magh fell upon the innocent Muslims of Chanbilli village of Minbya Township. The carnage was unbelievable and hundreds of Muslims including children and women met their fatal end. Many Muslims jumped into the river and hid in the forest. People in water were shot dead. With their long swords the Maghs butchered the half-dead men, women and children. Those still alive in the carnage were stabbed with the pointed spears and cut them into pieces. Rohingya girls and women after having been raped were murdered and the children were mercilessly slaughtered by throwing them upward and putting the sharp side of the long-dahs or swords under them. The breasts of the women were peeled.
The same event of the tragic end of Shah Shuja and his followers in 1662 was just repeated once more in 1942. The Maghs of the neighbourhood carried away their cattle, rice, paddy and even clothes. The Thakin leaders took costly things like gold and silver and other booties were given to savage plunderers. The waters of the historic Lemro River had once more turned red with the blood of Muslims.
The next day on 29th March the armed Maghs attacked Lombaissor. The Rohingya resisted but were defeated and many Muslims were massacred. Like the daughter of Sultan Shuja many women in order to save their modesty threw themselves into the river. Some escaping group of 15000 Muslims were intercepted at TaungyiNyo by the Maghs and were killed after looting their belongings. Women were killed after being raped for some days. Also, 10,000 men, women and children were killed at Apawkwa pass in the same way as TaungyiNyo.
After destroying Chanbilli and Lambaissor in Minbya Township the Thakin attacked Raichaung and Pankha villages of Myebon Township on 1st April 1942. Almost all of 15,000 Muslims of these two villages were massacred.
Attempts were made to carry out massacre at Kyauknimaw of Ramree Township, but they were saved in a miraculous way. The Muslims of Kyaukpyu were given protection by British forces. On 8th April 1942 the Magh carried out the massacre at the villages of Kyauktaw, Mrohaung, Pauktaw and Rathidaung.
Abedin the richest man of Afouk (Apawkwa) used to say that “the Maghs are like dogs, if you throw bones at the dogs they are silent. Similarly if you give money to the Maghs they would not harm you.” But at the last moment his wealth could not save him. Although he narrowly escaped the massacre he had to breathe his last in refugee camps at Rangpur, needy and broken heart. It is one of the thousands of examples.
At the end of April the onslaught swept over the township of Rathidaung and Buthidaung. The villages up to Khwachoung in the township of Buthidaung were destroyed and burnt down. Taung Bazar, north of Buthidaung and its surrounding villages also came under Magh attack.
Three fourths of the Muslims of Rathidaung Township were massacred. The rest were lucky enough to reach Akyab. The Muslims of Akyab had the opportunity of acquiring some arms and training to defend themselves. Both offensive and defensive preparations of the Muslims in Akyab under the leadership of Sultan Mahmud, TambiMaracan and others frightened the Maghs.
The result of the Muslim massacre of 1942 is that, 307 Muslim villages had disappeared from the soil of Arakan. More than 100,000 Muslims were massacred and 80,000 fled to Chittagong and Rangpur Refugee camps. The Muslim majority area of the east of Kaladan River had turned into a Muslim minority area.
But the loss in terms of human civilization and moral value is much greater. The 1942 massacre gave the scar mark of bitterness in the minds of the two-sister people against one another who, otherwise, peacefully co-existed in Arakan since 1200 years back.
A key alliance of ethnic groups has condemned recent Tatmadaw offensives in Kachin and northern Shan states and warned they could jeopardise negotiations with the government on a national ceasefire agreement.
|The dormitory building at the Yangon mosque where the 13 boys died in a fire on April 2 last year. A Yangon court has sentenced two men to eight years’ in prison on negligence charges arising from the fire. Photo: Mizzima|
A Yangon court has sentenced two Muslim clergymen to eight years years’ in prison over a fire in a mosque dormitory a year ago that claimed the lives of 13 boys.