Asean and UN must face Myanmar for real solution
The Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (Merhrom) is deeply sad over the recent tragedy of thousands of boat people involving ethnic Rohingya from Myanmar and Bangladeshis.
This is proof that ethnic Rohingya in Myanmar are facing continuous systematic prosecutions from the Myanmar government. We face gross human rights violations by the state, we became victims of genocide for generations and left to die in horrible makeshift camps in our own homeland without food, water and medicine supply from the government.
Due to horrible situation we face in our homeland, we take risks to flee the country to seek refuge in other countries. We feel very sad to hear that thousands of boat people were turned back to sea as the neighbouring countries were refusing to give protection to new asylum seekers.
Currently, an estimated 8,000 boat people are abandoned in the ocean and have nowhere to go. How long they can survive with little food, water and medicine? What will happen to them in the uncertain ocean? Death is on their way. They have already been more than two months in the ocean. They are starving and dehydrated and sick. There are large numbers of women and children in the boats.
From January to March 2015, an estimated 25,000 ethnic Rohingya and Bangladeshi became boat people. Thousands more ethnic Rohingya will flee the country if Myanmar does not stop the prosecution on ethnic Rohingya and recognise Rohingya as citizens by law.
If Asean and the United Nations fail to resolve the Rohingya’s plight with Myanmar, the world will continue to see Rohingya boat people who risk their lives to seek refuge in other countries. It will become a catastrophe that the world cannot forget.
We are very frustrated with the UN Human Rights Commissioner (UNHCR) as they are keeping quiet at this very critical time. Human lives are at risk but UNHCR remains quiet. We are talking about asylum seekers who are persons of concerns to UNHCR but what are they doing?
UNHCR must play a vital role in the whole issue of Rohingya. We cannot see the role of UNHCR except renewing the UNHCR card hold by refugees as they no longer registering newly-arrived Rohingya asylum seekers.
Don’t we have the feeling to make a search and rescue first and later decide on how to resolve the issue? Don’t we have the feeling that lives must be saved first before we decide on the rest? Do we feel these boat people lives are very cheap and value less? Don’t we have the feeling to see babies, children, women and elderly suffers along their way to seek refuge in other place? Don’t we realise how dangerous the way that they had gone through for the sake of their lives?
We thank very much the Kelab Putra Satu Malaysia who came forward to help the newly-arrived Rohingya asylum seekers. We really appreciate what you have done to help us since the conflict in 2012 in our country. We continuously look for your love and support for us.
We heard some people suggesting that aid be sent to the boat people in the ocean. This is a temporary help to them, but we cannot be sending food and water to them every day, for how long? A solution must be found.
Do we wait to search for dead bodies?
We do not know if these boats still have petrol. If the petrol is finished we do not know where they will arrive and how far they can go. Can we just wait and see what will happen to them? Do we wait to search for their dead bodies after their boats have sunk in the ocean? We appeal to Asean and other countries such as Australia to initiate search and rescue mission.
Some Asean countries including Malaysia have signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (Cedaw) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). These two conventions apply regardless of nationality and immigration status. Therefore we urge the Malaysia and other Asean countries to give immediate protection to asylum seekers, especially women and children, as they are vulnerable.
We urge the Asean governments to ensure that that the boat people are rescued and be given treatment first before they die. Meanwhile, the Asean governments and the United Nations must meet immediately to find solutions towards the Rohingya plight. The United Nations and the UNHCR specifically must intervene urgently as this involves the lives of asylum seekers who require international protection.
We hope very much that the Malaysian government will play its role as much as possible as chair of Asean and member of the UN Security Council to help us.
We urge the United States government and other countries to give urgent protection and immediate documentation and resettlement to these victims of human trafficking under the Trafficking in Persons Act.
We urge UNHCR to step in and have a meeting with Malaysian, Thai and Indonesian government for the documentation process by both UNHCR and the respective governments.
We urge the United Nations to play a vital role to stop genocide towards ethnic Rohingya in Myanmar. Economic and political sanctions must be made on Myanmar in order to compel Myanmar to stop the genocide towards ethnic Rohingya who are the most prosecuted ethnic group in the world.
We urge the Myanmar government to come forward and attend the meeting in Bangkok to address the whole longstanding Rohingya plight.
We urge the Asean governmenst to crack down on human trafficking networks. All Agencies in Asean must work in a comprehensive framework to stop human trafficking. Stern action must be taken on human traffickers and their networks. In lights of this new development, a comprehensive action plan needs to be developed to curb human trafficking starting from the host country, transit and destination countries.
Meeting must involve all Asean countries
We urge Malaysia as the chair of Asean to seek a specific meeting to discuss the issue. The meeting must involve all Asean countries as Rohingya boat people will arrive not only in Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia but also in other Asean countries in future. Previously Rohingya had arrived in Cambodia and Singapore.
We urge Asean and the United Nations to continuously pressure the Myanmar government to stop continuous persecution on ethnic Rohingya and recognise Rohingya as citizen under the 1982 Citizenship Law.
In this very critical situation, Merhrom urges the United Nations Security Council, US government, British government, European Union, world leaders, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Asean and other international communities to help.
We hope very much the meeting in Bangkok will find immediate and long-term solutions to the Rohingya plight.
ZAFAR AHMAD ABDUL GHANI is president of the Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (Merhrom).