The Rohingya: Humanitarian Crisis or Security Threat?

The Rohingya: Humanitarian Crisis or Security Threat?

This article is part of “Southeast Asia: Refugees in Crisis,” an ongoing series  by The Diplomat for summer and fall 2015 featuring exclusive articles from scholars and practitioners tackling Southeast Asia’s ongoing refugee crisis.All articles in the series can be found here.

To respond to the alarming rise of stranded persons in the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal, the Royal Thai Government organized the “Special Meeting on Irregular Migration in the Indian Ocean” on May 29, 2015 in Bangkok. The meeting was convened to address the continuing exodus of migrants and refugees from Myanmar. These refugees are mainly Rohingya, a Muslim minority group. They have been treated as “second-class” and”non citizens,” suffering from social discrimination, massive violent repression, human rights violations, and political exclusion. In addition to repressive policies by the central government, the Rohingya have also faced extremely anti-Muslim sentiments fanned partly by government-supported Buddhist fundamentalism in Myanmar.

The Southeast Asian and South Asian region has witnessed tremendous human movement – including hundreds of thousands refugees from Myanmar trying to enter neighboring countries illegally – especially Bangladesh. However, despite the increasingly dire humanitarian crisis, most of the potential host states are reluctant to accept more Rohingya refugees. One of the major reasons for this is an increasing trend in the region of viewing the Rohingya issue not solely as a humanitarian issue, but also a security and political one. As awareness has grown in both dimensions – humanitarian and security – there is a growing recognition among the international community of the need to do more than just ignoring the worsening situation of the Rohingya.

Historically, the Rohingya are predominantly Muslim and closely related to the Bengali people. Originally, many of them migrated from the Indian subcontinent towards the east into ‘Theravada Buddhist Myanmar,’ especially during the British colonial time. Relations between Muslims and Buddhists in Myanmar started deteriorating during the country’s liberation struggle. Relatively soon after gaining independence, the new rulers in Myanmar identified the Rohingya as economic refugees, a move that would be significant to the socio-economic composition and political power structure of the country. A policy of repression soon followed, which treated the Rohingya as illegal migrants subject to eviction.

The severity of the Rohingya migration issue can be understood as a clear result of three intermingling factors.  First is the emergence of authoritarian (military) regimes in Myanmar. Second is the consequence of a cultural confrontation between different ethnic-religious communities in Myanmar. This conflict gained significance after the military rulers attempted to assimilate religious-ethnic minorities into the mainstream Burmese culture. A strategy of an enforced cultural unification, namely Burmanization, was used as a way of “National Reconsolidation.” Third is the initial ignorance and inaction from policymakers worldwide despite the fact that the Rohingya issue was increasingly having international implications.

Today, it would seem that awareness of the Rohingya and their illegal migration is finally rising within the international community. In part, however, this new attention to the Rohingya issue stems from the tendency to identify Rohingya refugees as a “non-traditional security threat.”

In particular, there is a growing conviction among analysts that the massive influx of the Rohingyas during the last decades is creating a multidimensional security crisis. As stateless refugees, they have become the face of security threats as well as various forms of psycho-social and human security challenges in Myanmar and in their new host countries across the region like Bangladesh.

Most Rohingya who have migrated to other countries live in extraordinarily deplorable conditions. Living in forms of involuntarily and illegal self-settlement, they have to deal regularly with security forces, the unease and resistance of local communities, and restricted access to food, drinking water, sufficient shelter, and clothing. Partly as a result of these circumstances, they are often more easily targeted by criminal networks, illegal businesses, and Islamic fundamentalist groups like the Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), or Harkat-ulJihad-al Islami (Huji).

This in turn leads illegal Rohingya migrants – particularly those living in illegal camps or unregistered as refugees – to be perceived as the cause of conflict. The movement of Rohingya refugees begins to be viewed through the prism of the rising challenge of controlling Islamic terrorism and political Islam in the region.

At the heart of this view is the following worry: the Rohingya problem is contributing to and is partly responsible for the rise of international jihadist movements. In more operational terms, there is the claim that the Rohingya are helping to support Islamic fundamentalism by acting as a (passive) recruiting base for Islamic militant extremists and through direct support for religious fundamentalism.

It is claimed that some radicalized sections of the refugees actively maintain links with banned Islamist groupings like JMB or Huji. Some radicalized Rohingya are accused of not only sympathizing with their fundamentalist worldview but also actively providing resources for these Islamist outfits, for example, providing training on arms and explosives. Additionally, there is the accusation that the Rohingya are using their international network to allocate funds from like-minded international organizations for militant groups operating in their host countries, especially in Bangladesh.

Rohingya have also been held responsible for the undermining of the general law and order situation in their host societies. Besides terrorism, extremist violence, and religious extremism, the Rohingya crisis is also seen as being associated with all kinds of criminal activities including narcotics, human trafficking, illegal trade in SALW (small arms and light weapons) and ammunition, stealing, armed robbery, and maritime piracy. Other major concerns are smuggling and illegal cross-border infiltrations.

Additionally, Rohingya have increasingly linked with growing rates of crimes related to extortion, sexual harassment (including prostitution and sexual slavery), killings for organs, domestic servitude, and forced labor by criminal networks in their host countries.

However, there is the tendency among authorities of host countries to ignore the fact that the Rohingya are mostly the victims and not the perpetrators in these scenarios. Rather, it seems that the general tendency up to this point has been to focus on the refugee crisis as the causal factor for the increase in security concerns.

Rohingya have also been identified by some host governments and local communities as a negative disturbance to local economies, especially when they are settling in underdeveloped regions. Some fear that the Rohingya constitute an additional demographic pressure on the already densely populated area with scarce resources. Others claim that the (mostly illegal) penetration of the refugees in regional job markets leads to further socio-economic inequalities and reduces employment opportunities for the local workforce.

Still others suggest that security measures are needed because the refugee crisis is causing instability, leading to a real reduction in trade and commerce, especially in the Bangladesh-Myanmar relations. In this context, Rohingya are also blamed by state authorities for delays in enhancing regional connectivity (infrastructure) and hampering the working relationship between Dhaka and Naypyidaw.

With bilateral talks between Malaysia and Indonesia and the earlier mentioned Bangkok conference on “irregular migrations”

Source by: http://thediplomat.com/2015/10/the-rohingya-humanitarian-crisis-or-security-threat/

on May 29, as well as other steps, the international approach to the Rohingya is finally moving from ignorance to action. But it would be naïve to think this trajectory is only due to the humanitarian crisis of the refugees. Rather, the negative impacts of illegal migration – particularly on the security side – have finally convinced the international community to act, even though this may be based on unfounded fears.

Given this, what is most important is to preserve the political will and to strengthen the decision-making procedures in order to work towards a coherent and comprehensive solution to the Rohingya problem. Attending to security concerns cannot be done at the expense of humanitarian needs.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

UN must find permanent solution to Rohingya plight

Rohingya refugees at a camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. FILE PIC

THE Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia has very high hopes for the 74th United Nations General Assembly in New York to find a permanent solution to the Rohingya genocide.

We are worried about the repatriation plan for the Rohingya in the Cox’s Bazar refugee camps.

We would like to reiterate that forced repatriation of the Rohingya to Myanmar is a breach of international laws and will not resolve their plight.

The solution must be based on the root cause, which is the ongoing genocide. The fight between the Arakan army and the Myanmar military in Buthidaung is forcing the Rohingya to flee.

We welcome the resolutions adopted by the European Parliament, which are the comprehensive arms embargo on Myanmar, targeted sanctions against the perpetrators and referral to the International Criminal Court.

We hope Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad will continue to highlight our plight to find a permanent solution for us.

The support from Malaysia and other countries is crucial in ending the genocide.

We appeal to the prime minister of Bangladesh to resume the Internet connection in Cox’s Bazar as it is crucial for the Rohingya community to communicate with the outside world on the situation in the refugee camps and in the Arakan state.

We seek the support of the Bangladeshi government until the UN is able to end the genocide. We appeal to world leaders to manifest the laws that they created for the wellbeing of people on Earth.

The UN must be able to stop the conflict, war and genocide as it was the purpose of its establishment. Its failure to stop the atrocities in the 21st century contradicts the very purpose of its existence.

Ending the Rohingya genocide must be the top priority of the UN assembly to achieve the Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). How to achieve these SDGs by 2030 if we cannot stop the war now?

How can we ignore the cries and spilled blood of the women and children, and just watch innocent people being murdered by their government?

Together with other survivors of the conflict, we, the Rohingya, call upon the UN to take realistic actions immediately to end the calamity.

The UN must use its resources to prevent the war rather than spend most of its resources on humanitarian aid globally.

ZAFAR AHMAD ABDUL GHANI

President, Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

BANGLADESH TROOPS ACCUSED OF RAPING ROHINGYA GIRL

source by : https://www.newsweekpakistan.com/bangladesh-troops-accused-of-raping-rohingya-girl/

MILITARY SAYS IT IS PROBING ALLEGATIONS THAT THREE SOLDIERS ASSAULTED A 12-YEAR-OLD OVER THE WEEKEND

The Bangladesh military said on Thursday it has ordered an investigation after a Rohingya family in a refugee camp accused army troops of raping a 12-year-old girl.

The inquiry comes as around a million Rohingya in vast camps in Bangladesh face increasing hostility two years after fleeing a military offensive in Myanmar.

Mohammad Osman, an elder brother of the alleged victim, said three soldiers entered their shanty at the Nayapara Rohingya camp on Sunday evening and sexually assaulted his sister. “She was raped as one of them tightly held her mouth,” he told AFP by phone, referring to the border district where the refugee camps are located.

A spokesman of the Bangladesh Armed Forces, Lieutenant Colonel Abdullah ibn Zaid, said they were investigating. “We have formed a probe committee to investigate the incident and find out the facts. If [they are] found guilty, exemplary punishment will be given,” he said.

Dr. Shaheen Abdur Rahman said the girl was examined at the central hospital in Cox’s Bazar but he refused to comment on the findings due to court restrictions.

A spokesman of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees said they were also investigating the incident. “We are aware of the reports. In such cases, individuals are entitled to medical, physical and psychological support, as well as access to due process,” UNHCR spokesman Joseph Tripura said in a statement to AFP.

Tensions have risen in recent weeks with an increasingly frustrated Bangladeshi government enacting several measures making life harder for the refugees. These include blocking mobile internet, confiscating SIM cards and mobile phones and filing hundreds of cases for illegally obtaining citizenship cards.

U.N. experts have expressed “serious concerns” about the restrictions.

Last week Bangladesh’s home minister said that barbed-wire fencing, guard towers and cameras would be erected around the Rohingya camps, sparking criticism from rights groups. Checkpoints set up on the main highways leading to the camps have stopped Rohingya and sent them back to the settlements when they try to travel to other parts of Bangladesh. Hundreds of Rohingya found elsewhere in the South Asian nation have also been detained and returned to the camps.

Authorities say the internet ban was sparked by security fears after the Rohingya were blamed for the murder of a local politician and drug smuggling.

More than a dozen Rohingya—most accused of involvement in the murder of the politician—have been shot dead by security forces in recent weeks. Officials also said on Thursday that 45 Rohingya have been charged with infiltration after they were detained illegally working in a ship-breaking yard. Rights activists said this could be the first time Rohingya have been charged with infiltration—an offense that carries five years in jail.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Bangladeshi army accused of gang-raping 12-year-old Rohingya girl

source by :https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/10/04/bangladeshi-army-accused-of-gang-raping-12-year-old-rohingya-girl

PETALING JAYA: The Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (MERHROM) has accused the Bangladeshi army of gang-raping a 12-year-old Rohingya girl in Cox Bazar, Bangladesh.

Its president Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani said the rape incident proved that protection for women and children in the refugee camp was very weak.

He also questioned the standard operating procedure (SOP) of dealing with refugees in the camp, and whether there was adequate protection and counseling rendered to the victim.

Zafar called on, among others, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the Bangladeshi government to immediately conduct a transparent and thorough investigation into the incident.

“UNHCR must consider her (the victim’s) resettlement as her safety, as well as her family’s, is at risk,” he said in a statement on Friday (Oct 4).

Zafar alleged that the Bangladeshi army had threatened the victim’s family.

According to AFP, the Bangladeshi military has ordered an investigation into the incident.

It also said that Mohammad Osman, the elder brother of the alleged victim, claimed that three soldiers entered their shanty and proceeded to sexually assault the victim at the Nayapara Rohingya camp last Sunday (Sept 29).

The report said the victim was currently being treated at Cox’s Bazar central hospital.

“We understand that the Bangladesh government is facing difficulties in dealing with the world’s largest refugee camp, but the security and the safety of refugees, especially women and children, cannot be sacrificed.

“We are concerned over the increase (presence) of the Bangladesh army in the refugee camps. The refugees are not a threat to national security,” he said.

Zafar said they were grateful to the Bangladeshi government for sheltering the Rohingyas, but hoped that more could be done to ease their vulnerability.

“We are worried over the cutting of Internet connection in Cox’s Bazaar, as it only exposes the refugees to more abuses and exploitations, as well as disrupting humanitarian aid,” he said.
Read more at https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/10/04/bangladeshi-army-accused-of-gang-raping-12-year-old-rohingya-girl#YM2xAqZ9hX6HhvLF.99

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

THE GANG RAPE CASE OF 12 YEARS OLD ROHINGYA GIRL IS MANIFESTATION OF WEAK MANAGEMENT OF THE WORLD LARGEST REFUGEE CAMP.

source by merhrom:

4TH OCTOBER 2019

 Dear Chief Editors,

 PRESS STATEMENT

 Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) strongly condemn the gang rape of Moriam Khatun d/o Mohamed Alam, 12 years old Rohingya girl in the world largest refugee camp in Cox’s Bazaar by the Bangladesh Army on 29th September 2019.

The rape incident that happen at 7.30pm (local time) in Nayapara Camp proved the security measures in the refugee camp especially for women and children were very weak. The rape incident raised some critical questions that need to be answered without further delay:

  1. What are the security measures available in refugee camps for the Rohingya refugees especially women and children?
  2. Who is in charge of the security in the refugee camps? What is the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) when dealing with the refugees in the refugee camps?
  3. What are the immediate protections rendered to the victim and her family as they were threatened by the Bangladesh Army?
  4. Was she given counseling to deal with her trauma as well as appropriate treatment?
  5. What are the security measures while she was hospitalized? Who accompanied her as she was a minor?

We regret the Bangladesh Army beat 20 Rohingya refugees before the rape took place. We regret the Bangladesh Army use violence and threat against innocent and vulnerable refugees. The Bangladesh Army threatened Moriam family not to take up case against them. We are very concerns over the fake charges by the Bangladesh Army towards the rape victim and her family.

We understood that the Bangladesh government facing difficulties in dealing with the world largest refugee camp but the security and the safety of refugees especially women and children cannot be sacrifice. We are concern over the increase of the Bangladesh Army in the refugee camps. The refugees are not a threat to national security. What are the rational of the increase of the Bangladesh Army in the refugee camp? It could lead to abuses, corruption and exploitations. Therefore there is an urgent need to deploy UN peace Keeping Force to ensure the security and safety of refugees in the refugee camp.

We are thankful to the Bangladesh government for sheltering the Rohingya refugees but we hope more things could be done to ease our vulnerability. We are worried over the cutting of the Internet connection in Cox’s Bazaar as it only exposes the refugees to more abuses and exploitations as well as disrupting the humanitarian aid.

We want to emphasized that the security and the safety of Rohingya refugees especially women and children must be at the centre of the whole management of the refugee camps as it was the main reason why the Rohingya fled their homeland, to save their lives. We regret that the Survivors of Genocide were further victimized in their struggle to seek refuge. We regret the incident happen in the largest United Nations refugee camp in the world.

The Repatriation of Rohingya to Myanmar should not be the centre of discussion when the Myanmar government failed to restore our citizenship. We observed, failed repatriation process have significant consequences on the refugees including increase in human rights violations, corruption, further victimization of refugees as well as increase in Trafficking of Rohingya refugees especially women and children.

It is very clear that actions must be taken immediately to address the security and safety issues in the refugee camps as the refugee lives are at risk. Therefore we demand the following:

  1. The UNHCR and the Bangladesh government to immediately conduct thorough investigation into the rape incident with transparency. The perpetrators must be held accountable for the crime committed towards minor Survivors of Genocide
  2. The security measures and the SOP in the refugee camps must be reviewed in order to ensure the safety of refugees especially women and children
  3. The UNHCR must consider her Resettlement as her safety and her family is at risk
  4. The Bangladesh government to restore the Internet connection in Cox’s Bazaar to ensure the humanitarian assistance and the security of the refugees
  5. The Bangladesh government to protect the rights and safety of Rohingya women and children as translated in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) which Bangladesh is a Signatory
  6. The United Nations to deploy UN Peace Keeping Force to ensure security and safety in the refugee camps
  7. The United Nations to take real actions without delay to Stop Genocide in order to stop crimes, exploitations and trafficking against the refugee population.

 

 Signed.

Zafar Ahmad Bin Abdul Ghani

President

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM)

Tel No: +6016-6827 287

Blog: www.merhrom.wordpress.com

Email: rights4rohingya@yahoo.co.uk

Email: rights4rohingyas@gmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/zafar.ahmad.

https://twitter.com/merhromZafar

 

 

 

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Myanmar tak serius tangani isu Rohingya, kata Syed Hamid

Myanmar tak serius tangani isu Rohingya, kata Syed Hamid

Syed Hamid Albar (duduk, tengah) ketika ditemui pada Program Perbincangan Meja Bulat Asean Young Leaders Forum Malaysia 2019.

BANGI: Bekas menteri luar Syed Hamid Albar berkata Myanmar tidak serius dalam menangani etnik Rohingya dan menjadikan isu itu tergantung.

Syed Hamid berkata Rohingya di Malaysia masih belum dapat pulang ke negara asal mereka.

“Berkenaan penghantaran pulang, mesti ada kejujuran dan keikhlasan.

“Mereka (Myanmar) ada masalah defisit kepercayaan. Dia (Rohingya) nak balik dikejami dan tidak ada jaminan dia boleh balik kampung dia dengan negara mereka ada masalah dan tidak selamat,” katanya kepada FMT ketika ditemui pada Program Perbincangan Meja Bulat Asean Young Leaders Forum Malaysia 2019.

Pada 10 September lalu, semua perkampungan Rohingya Islam di Myanmar diroboh dan digantikan dengan berek polis, bangunan kerajaan serta kem penempatan pelarian, lapor BBC.

Badan penyiaran Britain itu dalam satu lawatan kerajaan mendapati 4 lokasi kini dijadikan kemudahan keselamatan, tetapi imej satelit menunjukkan ia dahulunya penempatan etnik Rohingya.

Lebih 700,000 orang Rohingya melarikan diri dari Myanmar dalam operasi ketenteraan pada 2017.

Bagaimanapun ,cubaan kedua pada bulan lalu untuk menghantar pulang pelarian Rohingya gagal kerana tiada seorang pun daripada 3,450 individu yang diluluskan Myanmar bersetuju kembali ke negara itu.

Syed Hamid yang juga bekas duta khas Pertubuhan Kerjasama Islam (OIC) ke Myanmar berkata, negara Asean perlu mendesak Myanmar mengaku kesalahan yang mereka lakukan ke atas Rohingya dan mencari jalan penyelesaian.

Beliau juga gembira dengan penglibatan anak muda dalam program perbincangan meja bulat hari ini untuk membincangkan isu Rohingya.

“Ini bermakna mereka ada keprihatinan dan kepekaan dalam isu ini dan adalah amat baik untuk Asean.

“Saya nampak pengisian tajuknya menunjukkan kefahaman dalam isu ini seperti isu jenayah antarabangsa dan pembersihan kaum,” katanya.

Syed Hamid berkata Asean perlu cari resolusi untuk jangka panjang bagi menyelesaikan isu Rohingya.

Sementara itu, Naib Presiden 1, Asean Young Leaders Forum (AYLF) Malaysia, Farah Nabilah Abdul Rahman menyeru aktivis, belia, badan bukan kerajaan dan pihak berautoriti menyantuni Rohingya dengan bantuan berterusan dan mengutuk penghapusan etnik di Myanmar.

Farah berkata semua pemimpin Asean perlu membantu pelarian Rohingya dari aspek hak asasi, pekerjaan dan pendidikan asas terutamanya kanak-kanak.

“Sebagai jaringan yang terdiri daripada pelbagai latar belakang belia termasik doktor, perubatan, ahli perniagaan, aktivis masyarakat, peguam dan mahasiswa, AYLF sedia kerjasama dengan badan antarabangsa, agensi kerajaan dalam jayakan kempen belia menentang penghapusan entik Rohingya,” katanya.

Farah berkata AYLF juga kini sudah melebarkan jaringannya di Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapura, Filipina, Kemboja dan Sri Lanka menyeru belia di seluruh rantau Asean untuk sama-sama menantang penghapusan etnik di Myanmar.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

ENDING CONFLICT, WAR AND GENOCIDES ARE THE KEY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGs).

source by merhrom;

23nd SEPTEMBER 2019

 Dear Chief Editors,

 PRESS STATEMENT

 Ending conflict, war and genocideS ARE the key for sustainable development goals (sdgs).

 Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) has a very high hope for the 74th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York to find permanent solution to the Rohingya Genocide.

We are very worried on the Repatriation plan for the Rohingya in Cox’s Bazar refugee camps. We would like to reiterate that forced Repatriation of Rohingya to Myanmar is a breach of the International Laws and will not resolve the Rohingya plights. The solution to our plights must be based on the root cause of our plights which is the Genocide.

Currently, the Genocide against Rohingya is ongoing. On top of that the fight between the Arakan Army (AA) and the Myanmar Military is still ongoing in Buthidaung Township which resulted in the death of Rohingya. The ongoing Genocide and forced Repatriation only increases vulnerabilities to Human Trafficking and exploitations.

We welcome the Resolution adopted by the European Parliament on the situation of Rohingya. The comprehensive arms embargo on Myanmar, targeted sanctions against perpetrators, referral to the International Criminal Court (ICC) on the situation of Rohingya need to be implemented without any delay to save the remaining Rohingya in Myanmar.

We hope Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysian Prime Minister will continue to highlight our plights in order to find a permanent solution for us. The support from Malaysia and other countries are crucial in ending the Genocide.

We appeal to the Prime Minister of Bangladesh to resume the internet connection in Cox’ Bazar as it is crucial for the Rohingya to communicate with the outside world on the current situation in the refugee camps and in Arakan State. We seek for the continuos support from the Bangladesh government until the United Nations able to end the Rohingya Genocide.

We appeal to the United Nations and the World Leaders to manifest the Laws that they created for the well being of the people on earth. The United Nations must be able to stop the Conflict, War and Genocide as it was the purpose of its establishment. The failure of the United Nations to stop Conflict, War and Genocide in this 21st Century contradicts the purpose of existence of the United Nations itself.

Ending Conflict, War and Genocide must be the Top Priority for the 74th UN General Assembly in order to achieve Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). How to achieve these SDGs by 2030 if we cannot stop Conflict, War and Genocide now? How can we ignore the cries and the blood of the women and children? How can we just watch the innocent people have been murdered by their own government and wipe out from their own country? How can we just watch the legitimate government killing their own people in the name of Genocide? How can we just ignore the Perpetrators of the Crimes against Humanity? How can we allow the Perpetrators of the Crimes against Humanity continuously producing refugees and burdening the global community?

We, the Rohingya together with other survivors of Conflict, War and Genocide call upon the United Nations to take realistic actions to End the Conflict, War and Genocide without further delay. The United Nations must use its resources to prevent the Conflict, War and Genocide rather than allowing that happen and spending most of its resources for humanitarian aid globally. We condemned any forms of humanitarian business by any sectors. If Conflict, War and Genocide can be stopped, the resources can be channeled to securing this earth in the name of Climate Action to secure the well being of the global community.

 

 Signed,

Mr. Zafar Ahmad Bin Abdul Ghani

President

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM)

Tel No: +6016-6827 287

Blog: www.merhrom.wordpress.com

Email: rights4rohingya@yahoo.co.uk

Email: rights4rohingyas@gmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/zafar.ahmad.

https://twitter.com/merhromZafar

 

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Beri pencari suaka politik, pelarian hak bekerja

Antara aktiviti dilakukan pelarian etnik Rohingya di Malaysia.

Beri pencari suaka politik, pelarian hak bekerja

KUALA LUMPUR: Kerajaan perlu meratifikasi Konvensyen Pelarian 1951 di bawah Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (PBB) bagi membenarkan pelarian dan pencari suaka yang majoritinya etnik Rohingya, bekerja secara sah.

Penyelidik dari Institut bagi Demokrasi dan Hal Ehwal Ekonomi (IDEAS), Wan Ya Shin, berkata adalah penting untuk kerajaan mengiktiraf hak pekerjaan mereka bagi mengelakkan dieksploitasi majikan kerana bekerja secara haram di negara ini.

Katanya, hak bekerja dengan akses mobiliti pekerjaan penuh harus diberikan supaya mereka boleh menggunakan kemahiran dalam bidang bersesuaian, sekali gus meningkatkan produktiviti mereka.

“Pelarian dan pencari suaka ini tidak diberikan elaun oleh Suruhanjaya Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu bagi Pelarian (UNHCR) dan mereka meneruskan kelangsungan hidup dengan bekerja secara tidak sah.

“Malaysia masih tidak meratifikasi Konvensyen Pelarian 1951. Ini menyebabkan pelarian dan pencari suaka tidak ada hak yang sah di Malaysia.

“Pelarian atau pencari suaka kini dianggap sebagai pendatang tanpa izin dan penjenayah domestik,” katanya kepada BH.

Penyelidik dari Institut bagi Demokrasi dan Hal Ehwal Ekonomi (IDEAS), Wan Ya Shin. – NSTP/Saifullizan Tamadi

Ya Shin berkata, pelarian dan pencari suaka tidak ada hak bekerja, tidak dilindungi undang-undang dan berisiko ditangkap.

Bagaimanapun, katanya, ramai dalam kalangan mereka bekerja di industri tidak rasmi dengan produktiviti mereka adalah terhad dan mudah diekploitasi.

Sehingga Januari lalu, kira-kira 160,000 pelarian dan pencari suaka berdaftar dengan UNHCR di Malaysia.

Daripada jumlah itu, 86 peratus adalah dari Myanmar dengan lebih 100,000 orang daripada mereka berada dalam kalangan usia bekerja, iaitu antara 18 hingga 59 tahun.

Ya Shin berkata, pada Pilihan Raya Umum Ke-14 (PRU-14), Pakatan Harapan (PH) ketika itu menunjukkan komitmen untuk memberi akses bekerja secara sah kepada semua pelarian berdaftar di negara ini, malah UNHCR juga berusaha membantu kerajaan bagi melaksanakan manifesto itu.

Katanya, jika kerajaan meratifikasi konvensyen itu, pelarian dan pencari suaka juga boleh dibantu dalam perkhidmatan kesihatan dan pendidikan berkualiti, selain hak bekerja.

Beliau berkata, pelarian terbabit jika diberikan hak pekerjaan tidak akan menutup peluang anak tempatan berikutan golongan itu biasanya menceburi sektor pekerjaan skil rendah kerana kebanyakan mereka tidak berpendidikan tinggi.

Selain hak bekerja, katanya, kerajaan perlu meminimumkan kos penjagaan kesihatan bagi pelarian dan diberi akses pendidikan setaraf rakyat tempatan, selain mengecualikan mereka dikenakan levi pekerja asing.

“Ketika ini, pelarian hanya diberikan kelebihan perkhidmatan kesihatan dengan kadar bayaran 50 peratus yang masih tidak mampu ditanggung oleh mereka.

“Jika kerajaan tidak mengenakan levi ke atas pelarian yang ingin bekerja, kos upah oleh majikan kepada mereka boleh dikurangkan.

“Begitu juga dalam pendidikan, pelaburan kerajaan ke atas mereka dalam bidang itu boleh memberi kesan positif dalam jangka panjang.

“Pelarian tidak ada akses terhadap pendidikan secara rasmi, sebaliknya hanya 33 peratus daripada kanak-kanak pelarian di sini mengikuti pengajian di 130 pusat pembelajaran yang dikendalikan badan kebajikan dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO),” katanya.

Ya Shin berkata, Malaysia boleh mencontohi negara luar seperti Turki dan Amerika Syarikat yang mengamalkan dasar yang baik untuk pelarian, khususnya dalam aspek integrasi pendidikan.

Sebelum ini, IDEAS melalui kajian yang dilaksanakan bertajuk The economic impact granting refugees in Malaysia the right to work bersama dua lagi penyelidik iaitu Laurence Todd dan Adli Amirullah turut menjangkakan kesan positif kehadiran pelarian dan pencari suaka kepada ekonomi sama ada dalam jangka pendek dan panjang sekiranya mereka diberikan hak bekerja.

Menerusi kajian itu, pelarian dan pencari suaka mampu menyumbang kepada Keluaran Dalam Negara Kasar (KDNK) antara RM3 hingga RM6.5 bilion setahun dalam tempoh lima hingga 20 tahun jika mereka diberikan hak bekerja dan akses kepada pendidikan setaraf penduduk tempatan.

Golongan itu dan pencari suaka di negara ini juga diunjurkan boleh menyumbang kepada kutipan cukai pendapatan serta Cukai Jualan dan Perkhidmatan (SST) sebanyak RM50 juta hingga RM250 juta dalam tempoh sama jika diberikan hak berkenaan.

Mereka dijangka boleh menyumbang sebanyak RM3 bilion setahun kepada KDNK pada 2024.

“Jika pelarian diberi hak untuk bekerja di Malaysia, kutipan cukai termasuk cukai pendapatan dan SST daripada pelarian akan meningkat RM50 juta setahun dalam tempoh lima tahun,” katanya.

Kajian itu dilaksanakan melalui model berdasarkan tahap pendidikan pelarian merujuk data daripada Nungsari & Flanders 2018 bagi pelarian dari Myanmar.

Ia juga membabitkan data daripada Institut Der Deutschen dari Jerman bagi pelarian dari negara lain manakala bagi kutipan cukai pula, ia berdasarkan data perbelanjaan golongan B40 di negara ini.

Jangan biar mereka ‘terkapai-kapai’ selagi berlindung di Malaysia

Persatuan Pengilang Beras Melayu Malaysia (PPBMM) mendedahkan ada ahlinya menggaji pelarian dari Myanmar untuk bekerja di kilang pemprosesan beras hanya berdasarkan perjanjian mulut.

Ahli Jawatankuasanya, Musonnef Md Radzi, berkata meskipun bersandarkan perjanjian mulut, pelarian itu mampu berkhidmat dalam tempoh panjang di kilang atas kepercayaan antara satu sama lain.

Ahli Jawatankuasa PPBMM, Musonnef Md Radzi. – NSTP/Sharul Hafiz Zam

Katanya, ada ahli persatuan yang sudah tujuh tahun menggunakan khidmat pelarian berikutan selesa dengan sikap mereka yang bertanggungjawab dan rajin selain sanggup berdepan situasi kerja yang kurang selesa akibat habuk dan debu.

Beliau berkata, ada seorang ahli persatuan mempunyai empat pekerja asing dengan dua daripada mereka adalah golongan pelarian Rohingya berusia 23 dan 35 tahun dan memiliki kad Pelarian Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu bagi pelarian (UNHCR).

“Cabaran bekerja di kilang pemprosesan beras ini adalah ketika menuai apabila banyak habuk dan debu ketika proses mengeringkan padi.

“Mereka pernah mengambil buruh tempatan tetapi tidak ramai yang sanggup berhadapan situasi itu kerana mereka berasa tidak selesa dan miang.

“Berbeza dengan pekerja asing, mereka sanggup melakukan kerja itu dengan penuh disiplin dan rasa tanggungjawab tanpa banyak alasan,” katanya kepada BH, di sini.

Musonnef berkata, dua pekerja Rohingya itu dibayar RM70 sehari dengan tempoh kerja semalam 10 jam dan gaji mereka diberikan seminggu sekali dalam bentuk tunai.

Katanya, pekerja Rohingya itu juga diberikan peluang bayaran tambahan bagi kerja lebih masa atas permintaan pekerja untuk menampung perbelanjaan keluarga mereka di Myanmar.

Berhubung cadangan supaya hak bekerja diberikan kepada pelarian dan pencari suaka di negara ini, Musonnef berkata, ia adalah langkah yang sepatutnya diambil oleh kerajaan dalam memastikan golongan itu tidak terkapai-kapai selama ‘berlindung’ di Malaysia.

“Sehingga kini, pelarian tidak diberikan hak bekerja tetapi mereka harus fikir secara logiknya, golongan ini nak makan apa sepanjang berada di sini jika tidak diberikan hak bekerja?

“Jika mereka diberikan hak bekerja, ia boleh memenuhi sektor pekerjaan seperti di kilang beras ini, selain di sawah padi yang kita tahu memang sukar orang tempatan nak kerja,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, kerajaan juga boleh mewujudkan peraturan pelarian yang bekerja dijamin oleh majikan bagi memastikan mereka sentiasa berkelakuan baik.

Sementara itu, Presiden Persatuan Pengusaha Dobi Melayu, Abdul Jalil Ibrahim, turut menyambut baik cadangan supaya kerajaan memberikan hak pekerjaan kepada golongan pelarian.

Katanya, apa yang menjadi kepentingan majikan ialah jumlah tenaga kerja mencukupi tidak kira mereka pekerja asing ataupun pelarian, asalkan mempunyai sikap yang baik untuk bekerja.

“Jika pelarian ini adalah kategori pekerja yang berkualiti seperti kita mahu, kami sebagai majikan menyokong jika kerajaan memberikan mereka hak bekerja.

“Dalam bidang kami ini, memang 60 peratus pekerja terdiri daripada tenaga kerja asing yang melakukan kerja seperti menggosok baju, membungkus, mengangkat dan membasuh baju,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, sepanjang menggunakan khidmat pekerja asing, mereka memang mempunyai semangat gigih bekerja untuk memperoleh wang bagi memperbaiki taraf hidup.

Zafar Ahmad (dua dari kanan) bersama pelarian Rohingya di Malaysia pada program dijalankan MERHROM.

Banyak aduan etnik Rohingya dianiaya majikan

Pertubuhan Hak Asasi Manusia Etnik Rohingya Myanmar Malaysia (MERHROM) menerima sekurang-kurangnya 30 kes eksploitasi dan aniaya pekerja terdiri daripada etnik itu sepanjang lapan bulan pertama tahun ini.

Presidennya, Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani, berkata terdapat segelintir majikan yang mengambil kesempatan dengan sewenang-wenangnya menganiaya pelarian ini berikutan mereka itu tidak mempunyai dokumen sah untuk bekerja yang membolehkan hak mereka sebagai pekerja dipertahankan.

Katanya, kebanyakan kes yang diterima membabitkan isu tidak dibayar gaji, dipukul ataupun dianiaya majikan dengan membuat laporan kepada pihak berkuasa sebagai taktik mengelak untuk membayar gaji.

“Meskipun banyak menerima laporan berhubung kes eksploitasi dan penganiayaan itu, tiada tindakan susulan boleh diambil untuk membela mereka kerana pelarian tidak mempunyai hak untuk bekerja.

“Pelarian kebiasaannya bekerja dalam sektor pembinaan dan buruh kasar yang memerlukan tenaga namun sebaik mereka selesaikan melaksanakan tanggungjawab itu, majikan tidak membayar kepada mereka.

“Justeru, sudah tiba masa pelarian Rohingya ini diberi kebenaran bekerja secara sah bagi mengeluarkan mereka daripada kemiskinan sebab siapa nak bagi makan anak atau membayar kos rawatan jika mereka tidak bekerja?” katanya kepada BH, di sini.

Zafar Ahmad berkata, pelarian Rohingya yang tidak mempunyai dokumen sah untuk bekerja berisiko ditahan pihak berkuasa sehingga menyebabkan mereka kehilangan pekerjaan ketika tempoh penahanan.

Katanya, mereka akan ditahan di kem bagi tempoh sekurang-kurangnya dua minggu sebelum dibebaskan dengan pengesahan oleh Pesuruhjaya Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu bagi Pelarian (UNHCR).

“Walaupun kerajaan membenarkan pelarian untuk mendapatkan perlindungan di sini, tiada kebenaran untuk mereka bekerja. Oleh itu, golongan ini akan ditahan sekiranya didapati bekerja.

“Kita ada menerima aduan ada pelarian yang ditahan dalam tempoh lama, sekali gus berdepan penyalahgunaan hak asasi manusia sepanjang berada di kem tahanan seperti kekurangan makanan, rawatan, ditahan dalam keadaan tidak bersih dan sesak.

“Dasar kerajaan menahan pelarian Rohingya di kem tahanan hanya menambah trauma golongan itu yang menjadi mangsa pembunuhan di negara mereka, sekali gus meningkatkan perbelanjaan kerajaan,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, pelarian Rohingya sudah berlindung di Malaysia sejak 30 tahun lalu dan pihaknya menghargai usaha kerajaan memberi ruang buat golongan itu berlindung di negara ini, namun langkah seterusnya harus diambil dari aspek kemanusiaan termasuk memberikan mereka hak bekerja dan pendidikan.

Selain tidak diberikan hak untuk bekerja, Zafar Ahmad, berkata pelarian Rohingya juga berdepan masalah lain iaitu terpaksa menunggu lama sehingga ada yang hampir 20 tahun untuk mendapat kad UNHCR.

“Kita menganggarkan hampir 100,000 pelarian Rohingya adalah pencari suaka yang tidak mempunyai dokumen langsung termasuk dari UNHCR menyebabkan mereka berisiko ditahan pada bila-bila masa.

“Kita juga berdepan masalah ada kanak-kanak Rohingya di negara ini yang dieksploitasi oleh sindiket untuk menjadi peminta sedekah sedangkan sepatutnya mereka diberikan hak untuk mendapat pendidikan,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, MERHROM yang mempunyai kira-kira 50,000 ahli di seluruh negara banyak melaksanakan program bantuan buat pelarian Rohingya khususnya mereka yang tidak mempunyai pekerjaan.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

ENDING CONFLICT, WAR AND GENOCIDES ARE THE KEY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGs).

23nd SEPTEMBER 2019

 Dear Chief Editors,

 PRESS STATEMENT

 source by merhrom: 

Ending conflict, war and genocideS ARE the key for sustainable development goals (sdgs).

 

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) has a very high hope for the 74th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York to find permanent solution to the Rohingya Genocide.

We are very worried on the Repatriation plan for the Rohingya in Cox’s Bazar refugee camps. We would like to reiterate that forced Repatriation of Rohingya to Myanmar is a breach of the International Laws and will not resolve the Rohingya plights. The solution to our plights must be based on the root cause of our plights which is the Genocide.

Currently, the Genocide against Rohingya is ongoing. On top of that the fight between the Arakan Army (AA) and the Myanmar Military is still ongoing in Buthidaung Township which resulted in the death of Rohingya. The ongoing Genocide and forced Repatriation only increases vulnerabilities to Human Trafficking and exploitations.

We welcome the Resolution adopted by the European Parliament on the situation of Rohingya. The comprehensive arms embargo on Myanmar, targeted sanctions against perpetrators, referral to the International Criminal Court (ICC) on the situation of Rohingya need to be implemented without any delay to save the remaining Rohingya in Myanmar.

We hope Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysian Prime Minister will continue to highlight our plights in order to find a permanent solution for us. The support from Malaysia and other countries are crucial in ending the Genocide.

We appeal to the Prime Minister of Bangladesh to resume the internet connection in Cox’ Bazar as it is crucial for the Rohingya to communicate with the outside world on the current situation in the refugee camps and in Arakan State. We seek for the continuos support from the Bangladesh government until the United Nations able to end the Rohingya Genocide.

We appeal to the United Nations and the World Leaders to manifest the Laws that they created for the well being of the people on earth. The United Nations must be able to stop the Conflict, War and Genocide as it was the purpose of its establishment. The failure of the United Nations to stop Conflict, War and Genocide in this 21st Century contradicts the purpose of existence of the United Nations itself.

Ending Conflict, War and Genocide must be the Top Priority for the 74th UN General Assembly in order to achieve Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). How to achieve these SDGs by 2030 if we cannot stop Conflict, War and Genocide now? How can we ignore the cries and the blood of the women and children? How can we just watch the innocent people have been murdered by their own government and wipe out from their own country? How can we just watch the legitimate government killing their own people in the name of Genocide? How can we just ignore the Perpetrators of the Crimes against Humanity? How can we allow the Perpetrators of the Crimes against Humanity continuously producing refugees and burdening the global community?

We, the Rohingya together with other survivors of Conflict, War and Genocide call upon the United Nations to take realistic actions to End the Conflict, War and Genocide without further delay. The United Nations must use its resources to prevent the Conflict, War and Genocide rather than allowing that happen and spending most of its resources for humanitarian aid globally. We condemned any forms of humanitarian business by any sectors. If Conflict, War and Genocide can be stopped, the resources can be channeled to securing this earth in the name of Climate Action to secure the well being of the global community.

Signed,

Mr. Zafar Ahmad Bin Abdul Ghani

President

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM)

Tel No: +6016-6827 287

Blog: www.merhrom.wordpress.com

Email: rights4rohingya@yahoo.co.uk

Email: rights4rohingyas@gmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/zafar.ahmad.

https://twitter.com/merhromZafar

 

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Survivors of Rohingya Genocide heal their suffering and trauma through Football.

source by merhrom:

16th SEPTEMBER 2019

 Dear Chief Editors,

 PRESS STATEMENT

 Survivors of Rohingya Genocide heal their suffering and trauma through Football.

 Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) would like to thank each and everyone who work very hard to materialize the 1st MERHROM FOOTBALL LEAGUE, hosted by MERHROM – Kedah State from 13th – 16th September 2019. This is the first time ever MERHROM organize the Football League since its establishment 21 years ago.

 

The objective of this program is to bring the Rohingya youth together to expose their skills and potentials in football sport. The 1st MERHROM FOOTBALL LEAGUE will provide the platform for them to play and connect them for our future program.

Through playing football we hope they could heal their suffering and trauma as Survivors of Genocide. Each of us has lived in Genocide for very long, it is traumatized and always haunted us. We want to forget and move on but our families were still there. It is very hard for us but we have to find ways to get out of it. Playing Football is one of them.

Football teaches us about discipline, respect, unity, courage and tolerance. Through Football we want to educate the young Rohingya generation to be more responsible and respectful to themselves, their families, community, society and most importantly to the country that they seek refuge. We will support and encourage our youth to increase their skills so that they can be a professional players once they get resettlement to the third country.

We hope MERHROM Football League will be held on yearly basis in different locations started from this year. Soon after this we plan to organize MERHROM Football League (Below 12 years old) in Kuala Lumpur as we see a lot of talented Rohingya players at this age who have very high spirit and trained themselves regularly. We encourage the Football coaches out there to come forward to train our young Rohingya players.

We hope through this Football League will help our young Rohingya generation to build their future and become leaders with good Leadership qualities for our community. We know that we cannot do this alone, therefore the support from everyone is very crucial in the implementation of our program. We welcome any kind of assistance and support from the society, corporate, government and United Nations agencies for our future programs.

Apart from promoting healthy life style and bringing community together, we believe Football will bring Peace and Unity. The Football spirit will foster love and eliminate hatred especially for young generations. We realize that we are too small to change the system that exists in the world today. In this 21st century we still cannot End the Genocide. Therefore, we have to start something small to heal ourselves and to bring changes to the people out there to make this world a decent place to live for everyone.

We thank each and everyone on this earth who supported us endlessly. We hope through your support it will End the Rohingya Genocide soon.

Thank you.

 Signed,

 Zafar Ahmad Bin Abdul Ghani

President

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM)

Tel No: +6016-6827 287

Blog: www.merhrom.wordpress.com

Email: rights4rohingya@yahoo.co.uk

Email: rights4rohingyas@gmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/zafar.ahmad.

https://twitter.com/merhromZafar

 

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Time for Asean to recognise Rohingya as an ethnic group

 

LETTER

 

source by https://www.malaysiakini.com/letters/480326Time for Asean to recognise Rohingya as an ethnic group

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani  |  Published:   |  Modified: 

LETTER | On behalf of all ethnic Rohingya, the Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (Merhrom) welcomes the 34th Asean Summit 2019 that will be held in Bangkok from June 20 to 23.

The ethnic Rohingya hope something will be done to resolve our plight. We hope Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad, who will lead the Malaysian delegation, will raise the plight of Rohingya during the summit.

We believe Mahathir has the capacity to bring together all Asean member states and end the Rohingya genocide in the region.

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We are very thankful to the Malaysian government, which has hosted Rohingya refugees for many years. We hope the Malaysian government will help us by leading member states to end the genocide, which would also put a stop to human trafficking.

The Rohingya were made stateless by the Myanmar government, but we are a legitimate ethnic group. Recognition as such would pave the way for our plight to end.

During last year’s summit, Asean states reaffirmed their commitment to the full and effective implementation of the Community Vision 2025 and the Leader’s Vision for a Resilient and Innovative Asean.

Heads of member states also stressed the need to find a comprehensive and durable solution to address the root causes of the conflict and to create a conducive environment so that the affected communities can rebuild their lives.

However, there has been no positive change in the situation in Arakan. The Rohingya continue to be victimised, especially after the fight between the Myanmar military with the Arakan Army (AA).

With the theme ‘advancing partnership for sustainability’, we hope Asean member states at the summit will give top priority to ending the Rohingya genocide. This is a very important step in achieving the Asean Community Vision 2025.

How do we ensure that we are advancing partnership for sustainability when the Rohingya genocide is ongoing? We must put an end to this in order to foster economic and political cooperation in the region.

We call on the heads of Asean member states, as well as foreign and women’s ministers, to visit the largest Rohingya refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar and meet with refugees and get first-hand information.

We hope that with that information, the Asean leadership can draw a permanent solution for the Rohingya in Arakan State.

Repatriation is not the solution to the Rohingya genocide. Asean leaders must not agree to the plan to repatriate the Rohingya to Myanmar, as long as the genocide is ongoing.

We must learn from the past repatriation by the Bangladeshi and Myanmar governments, where thousands were persecuted by the latter once they arrived in Arakan. Furthermore, this will only increase human trafficking and benefit syndicates.

Currently, there are many IDP camps in Arakan established in 2012, which primarily host ethnic Rohingya.

The Myanmar government still cannot resolve this issue. Seven years have passed, but still the Rohingya cannot return to their homes.

How are we going to repatriate over one million Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar to Myanmar while the IDP issue remains unresolved?

In conjunction with World Refugee Day today, Merhrom calls upon the UN Security Council, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, world leaders and the international community to come together to end the Rohingya genocide.

We must have the political will to do so. Otherwise, our efforts and resources will be wasted. We cannot wait any further as the Rohingya genocide is already at the last stage.

We hope on World Refugee Day 2019, there is new hope for the Rohingya and the rest of the refugees around the world.

We hope that together, we can fight the crimes against humanity and end the genocide in this century.


ZAFAR AHMAD ABDUL GHANI is the president of the Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia.

The views expressed here are those of the author/contributor and do not necessarily represent the views of Malaysiakini.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized