The Rohingya: Humanitarian Crisis or Security Threat?

The Rohingya: Humanitarian Crisis or Security Threat?

This article is part of “Southeast Asia: Refugees in Crisis,” an ongoing series  by The Diplomat for summer and fall 2015 featuring exclusive articles from scholars and practitioners tackling Southeast Asia’s ongoing refugee crisis.All articles in the series can be found here.

To respond to the alarming rise of stranded persons in the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal, the Royal Thai Government organized the “Special Meeting on Irregular Migration in the Indian Ocean” on May 29, 2015 in Bangkok. The meeting was convened to address the continuing exodus of migrants and refugees from Myanmar. These refugees are mainly Rohingya, a Muslim minority group. They have been treated as “second-class” and”non citizens,” suffering from social discrimination, massive violent repression, human rights violations, and political exclusion. In addition to repressive policies by the central government, the Rohingya have also faced extremely anti-Muslim sentiments fanned partly by government-supported Buddhist fundamentalism in Myanmar.

The Southeast Asian and South Asian region has witnessed tremendous human movement – including hundreds of thousands refugees from Myanmar trying to enter neighboring countries illegally – especially Bangladesh. However, despite the increasingly dire humanitarian crisis, most of the potential host states are reluctant to accept more Rohingya refugees. One of the major reasons for this is an increasing trend in the region of viewing the Rohingya issue not solely as a humanitarian issue, but also a security and political one. As awareness has grown in both dimensions – humanitarian and security – there is a growing recognition among the international community of the need to do more than just ignoring the worsening situation of the Rohingya.

Historically, the Rohingya are predominantly Muslim and closely related to the Bengali people. Originally, many of them migrated from the Indian subcontinent towards the east into ‘Theravada Buddhist Myanmar,’ especially during the British colonial time. Relations between Muslims and Buddhists in Myanmar started deteriorating during the country’s liberation struggle. Relatively soon after gaining independence, the new rulers in Myanmar identified the Rohingya as economic refugees, a move that would be significant to the socio-economic composition and political power structure of the country. A policy of repression soon followed, which treated the Rohingya as illegal migrants subject to eviction.

The severity of the Rohingya migration issue can be understood as a clear result of three intermingling factors.  First is the emergence of authoritarian (military) regimes in Myanmar. Second is the consequence of a cultural confrontation between different ethnic-religious communities in Myanmar. This conflict gained significance after the military rulers attempted to assimilate religious-ethnic minorities into the mainstream Burmese culture. A strategy of an enforced cultural unification, namely Burmanization, was used as a way of “National Reconsolidation.” Third is the initial ignorance and inaction from policymakers worldwide despite the fact that the Rohingya issue was increasingly having international implications.

Today, it would seem that awareness of the Rohingya and their illegal migration is finally rising within the international community. In part, however, this new attention to the Rohingya issue stems from the tendency to identify Rohingya refugees as a “non-traditional security threat.”

In particular, there is a growing conviction among analysts that the massive influx of the Rohingyas during the last decades is creating a multidimensional security crisis. As stateless refugees, they have become the face of security threats as well as various forms of psycho-social and human security challenges in Myanmar and in their new host countries across the region like Bangladesh.

Most Rohingya who have migrated to other countries live in extraordinarily deplorable conditions. Living in forms of involuntarily and illegal self-settlement, they have to deal regularly with security forces, the unease and resistance of local communities, and restricted access to food, drinking water, sufficient shelter, and clothing. Partly as a result of these circumstances, they are often more easily targeted by criminal networks, illegal businesses, and Islamic fundamentalist groups like the Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), or Harkat-ulJihad-al Islami (Huji).

This in turn leads illegal Rohingya migrants – particularly those living in illegal camps or unregistered as refugees – to be perceived as the cause of conflict. The movement of Rohingya refugees begins to be viewed through the prism of the rising challenge of controlling Islamic terrorism and political Islam in the region.

At the heart of this view is the following worry: the Rohingya problem is contributing to and is partly responsible for the rise of international jihadist movements. In more operational terms, there is the claim that the Rohingya are helping to support Islamic fundamentalism by acting as a (passive) recruiting base for Islamic militant extremists and through direct support for religious fundamentalism.

It is claimed that some radicalized sections of the refugees actively maintain links with banned Islamist groupings like JMB or Huji. Some radicalized Rohingya are accused of not only sympathizing with their fundamentalist worldview but also actively providing resources for these Islamist outfits, for example, providing training on arms and explosives. Additionally, there is the accusation that the Rohingya are using their international network to allocate funds from like-minded international organizations for militant groups operating in their host countries, especially in Bangladesh.

Rohingya have also been held responsible for the undermining of the general law and order situation in their host societies. Besides terrorism, extremist violence, and religious extremism, the Rohingya crisis is also seen as being associated with all kinds of criminal activities including narcotics, human trafficking, illegal trade in SALW (small arms and light weapons) and ammunition, stealing, armed robbery, and maritime piracy. Other major concerns are smuggling and illegal cross-border infiltrations.

Additionally, Rohingya have increasingly linked with growing rates of crimes related to extortion, sexual harassment (including prostitution and sexual slavery), killings for organs, domestic servitude, and forced labor by criminal networks in their host countries.

However, there is the tendency among authorities of host countries to ignore the fact that the Rohingya are mostly the victims and not the perpetrators in these scenarios. Rather, it seems that the general tendency up to this point has been to focus on the refugee crisis as the causal factor for the increase in security concerns.

Rohingya have also been identified by some host governments and local communities as a negative disturbance to local economies, especially when they are settling in underdeveloped regions. Some fear that the Rohingya constitute an additional demographic pressure on the already densely populated area with scarce resources. Others claim that the (mostly illegal) penetration of the refugees in regional job markets leads to further socio-economic inequalities and reduces employment opportunities for the local workforce.

Still others suggest that security measures are needed because the refugee crisis is causing instability, leading to a real reduction in trade and commerce, especially in the Bangladesh-Myanmar relations. In this context, Rohingya are also blamed by state authorities for delays in enhancing regional connectivity (infrastructure) and hampering the working relationship between Dhaka and Naypyidaw.

With bilateral talks between Malaysia and Indonesia and the earlier mentioned Bangkok conference on “irregular migrations”

Source by: http://thediplomat.com/2015/10/the-rohingya-humanitarian-crisis-or-security-threat/

on May 29, as well as other steps, the international approach to the Rohingya is finally moving from ignorance to action. But it would be naïve to think this trajectory is only due to the humanitarian crisis of the refugees. Rather, the negative impacts of illegal migration – particularly on the security side – have finally convinced the international community to act, even though this may be based on unfounded fears.

Given this, what is most important is to preserve the political will and to strengthen the decision-making procedures in order to work towards a coherent and comprehensive solution to the Rohingya problem. Attending to security concerns cannot be done at the expense of humanitarian needs.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Atrocities Against Rohingyas: Malaysia Urges International Bodies To Take Action

Atrocities Against Rohingyas: Malaysia Urges International Bodies To Take Action

Pic: BernamaPic: Bernama

KUALA LUMPUR: Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak today urged international bodies and ASEAN community countries to take action to stop the atrocities and oppression against the ethnic Rohingyas in Myanmar.

The Prime Minister urged the United Nations (UN) and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to not only witness the cruelty taking place but instead take action against those responsible.

“OIC, please don’t just see, do something…UN, world cannot just sit and watch genocide, it is our problem. Hundreds of thousands died in Rwanda and Bosnia, the world just watch and acted too late, this time we are not willing to wait and watch,” he said at the Solidarity for Rohingyas gathering at the Titiwangsa Stadium here.

Also present were Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, PAS president Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang, Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Anifah Aman, UMNO and PAS leaders as well as over 20,000 people, including Rohingyas residing in Malaysia.

Najib also urged Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo to hold a peaceful assembly with the people of that country as a sign of championing for the fate of the Rohingya community.

“Don’t protest against Ahok (Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama) only, the Rohingyas must be fought for, they can rally in Jakarta, we want to show we are not pleased, we must be civilised, safeguard lives and properties, this is our responsibility as part of the mandatory objectives (maqasid) of shariah. This is a must,” he said.

Najib, who is also UMNO president said Malaysia would continue to act by using whatever channels to put pressure on the government of Myanmar until the Rohingya Muslims were free from tyranny.

He said the Rohingya issue so gripped the hearts of Muslims in this country because Islam was insulted while human rights were torn apart.

“Today Muslims and non-Muslims declare our stand firmly that we want to tell the government of Myanmar, tell Aung San Suu Kyi, enough is enough,” he said, adding that Malaysia did not want to interfere in the affairs of that country.

He said his presence at the gathering was not to threaten the government of Myanmar but to defend not only Islam but also human rights.

“They (Myanmar) use only one article in ASEAN, which is we cannot intervene in another country’s affairs, they don’t read other articles on human rights. ASEAN also defends human rights, are they blind? Don’t interpret as you please.

“When there are injustice, cruelty, people being murdered, burned alive,raped, beaten…are these not violating human rights?,” he said while questioning the meaning of the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the country’s leader.

The Prime Minister said he, as the head of state, representing 31 million Malaysians, could not ‘turn a blind eye’ and remained silent on the atrocities that occurred.

Najib said today’s gathering also made history because the people had set aside political differences in the name of Islam and unity of ummah.

“We have UMNO and PAS in this gathering. We can disagree, but in the matter of Islam, the ummah, it’s compulsory, this is not politics,” he said.

-BERNAMA

Source by: http://www.malaysiandigest.com/news/646342-atrocities-against-rohingyas-malaysia-urges-international-bodies-to-take-action.html

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Malaysia slams Myanmar over Rohingya ‘genocide’

Malaysia slams Myanmar over Rohingya ‘genocide’

Malaysia has accused Myanmar of committing “genocide” against Rohingya Muslims. The bloody crackdown is quickly gaining a regional dimension.

Malaysia Protest Myanmar Gewalt gegen Rohingya (picture-alliance/dpa/F. Ismail)

‘No easy solution’ to the Rohingya problem in Myanmar

Former UN chief Kofi Annan is travelling in Myanmar to assess the human rights situation of the Rohingya ethnic minority. DW spoke to analyst Jacques Leider about the aggravating communal hostility in the country. (01.12.2016)

UNHCR in Bangladesh accuses Myanmar troops of killings, rape, arson in Rohingya communities

Myanmar’s Suu Kyi seeks ‘reconciliation’ amid growing Rohingya violence

Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak on Sunday called on the world to prevent an unfolding “genocide” carried out by Myanmar against Rohingya Muslims, as a vicious crackdown triggers an exodus of the persecuted ethnic minority.

“Please do something. The UN do something. The world cannot sit and watch genocide taking place,” Najib told a crowd of several thousand supporters and Rohingya refugees at a rally in Kuala Lumpur.

Razak took direct aim at Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi and her new government for not doing enough as reports pour in that Myanmar’s army is raping, murdering and torturing Rohingya in the western Rakhine state.

“What’s the use of Aung San Suu Kyi having a Nobel Prize?” asked the leader of the Muslim majority nation. “We want to tell Aung San Suu Kyi, enough is enough … We must and we will defend Muslims and Islam,” he said, calling on the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and ASEAN, the 10-country Southeast Asia organization, to act.

Stateless and persecuted

Several thousand Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh or been internally displaced since Myanmar’s army cracked down on the group following an early October border incident in which unknown militants killed nine border guards.

Myanmar’s army blamed the attack on Islamist Rohingya militants and has rebuffed concerns over the subsequent crackdown as propaganda.

Myanmar’s 1.1 million Rohingya make up most of the population in the region of Rakhine. They are denied citizenship and suffer from institutionalized discrimination in Buddhist-majority Myanmar despite many of them having lived in the country for generations

Karte Myanmar, Rakhine State

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There have been repeated reports Myanmar’s military has gang-raped women, murdered civilians and set ablaze Rohingya villages, pushing thousands of desperate people into neighboring Bangladesh. International observers, journalists and aid agencies face severe restrictions of movement while trying to verify the claims in the area. A top UN humanitarian official in Bangladesh last month accused Myanmar’s army of “ethnic cleansing.”

Tensions rising in Southeast Asia

The Rohingya issue has been a major test for Suu Kyi’s new administration following decades of military rule. Her unwillingness or inability to do anything about the unfolding atrocities has garnered international criticism that she has done too little to address the plight of the Rohingya communities. But there is also recognition that her administration is somewhat limited given that the army still holds ministries responsible for security.

Systemic discrimination and previous bouts of intercommunal violence between Myanmar’s Buddhists and Rohingya sent waves of refugees to neighboring countries. There are more than 50,000 Rohingya in Malaysia, where critics point out that they face discrimination and live on the margins of society.

Indonesien Protest gegen Gewalt an Rohingya Angehörigen in Myanmar (Getty Images/AFP/B. Ismoyo)An Indonesian protester in Jakarta last month holds a sign calling for an end to “ethnic cleansing” of Rohingya

Some observers say Razak is using the Rohingya issue to distract attention from a financial corruption scandal.

Myanmar’s treatment of the Rohingya has gained a regional dimension as Indonesia and Bangladesh also call on the international community to take action. Several protests have been held in Indonesia, and last weekend authorities there arrested two militants allegedly planning an attack on Myanmar’s embassy in Jakarta. Over the past several years, the treatment of the Rohingya has become a major issue across the Islamic world.

Earlier this week, the United States’ top diplomat for East Asia, Daniel Russel, warned that continued violence against the Rohingya threatened to incite jihadist extremism in Myanmar and neighboring Bangladesh. He also urged Malaysia and Indonesia to avoid stoking religious passion over the issue by organizing protests.

cw/jlw (AFP, AP, dpa)

Watch video01:51

Myanmar: Army brushes off rape allegations (28.10.2016)

Source by: http://www.dw.com/en/malaysia-slams-myanmar-over-rohingya-genocide/a-36632785

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Rohingyas grateful to Najib for defending them

Rohingyas grateful to Najib for defending them

Bernama     Published 4 Dec 2016, 7:53 pm     Updated 4 Dec 2016, 7:59 pm

The Rohingyas in Malaysia thanked Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak for firmly fighting to stop the atrocities and oppression against the ethnic group in Myanmar.

Rohingyas Association in Malaysia secretary Nursobi Muhamad Sultan said leaders of other countries should emulate his assertiveness in fighting for human rights.

“We (Rohingyas) are grateful that PM Najib is here today to fight for our rights.

“This shows that PM Najib is really concerned about the humanitarian values even though we are not part of this country,” he told Bernama when met today.

The prime minister together with at least 10,000 attendees including Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, PAS president Abdul Hadi Awang and Foreign Minister Anifah Aman participated in the Solidarity for Rohingya gathering at Taman Tasik Titiwangsa, Kuala Lumpur today.

Meanwhile, Association of Rohingya Youth in Malaysia deputy chairman Sulaimeen Muhammad Karim urged the Malaysian government to play an important role in addressing the issue

“Malaysia as a respected nation in Southeast Asia should play the role of a ‘mediator’ to resolve the conflicts,” he said.

He added that the Rohingya people were very grateful that the Malaysian government was willing to accept some the refugees and provide appropriate protection.

‘Militant claim baseless’

In BANGKOK, the Burmese Rohingya Association in Thailand has cautioned the international community not to fall for the “baseless accusation” hurled by the Myanmar Government in linking the persecuted Rohingya community with militant organisations.

Its president, Maung Kyaw Nu rubbished Yangon’s allegation of a link between the Rohingya and militancy as complete fabrication, solely aimed at garnering regional and international sympathy.

“This (allegation by the Myanmar government) is completely made up by the government, a statement that was fabricated to divert attention and provide its forces with false justification for violence against the Rohingyas (atrocities in Rakhine State),” he told Bernama recently.The activist who now lives in exile in Thailand, claimed the allegation by Yangon was an “old song” recycled by the country’s military in the 1990s, and now by the current civilian administration led by Aung San Suu Kyi.

The Myanmar government, through its spokesman has alleged that a Rohingya-based militant organisation with overseas links had carried out attacks on its Border Guard post on Oct 9, killing a number of security personnel.

The government which is led by Suu Kyi’s political party after a landslide victory in a historic general election this year, has also come under stinging criticism by the United Nations (UN) and human rights groups.

Bernama

(Reporting in Bangkok by Mohd Haikal Mohd Isa)

Read more: https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/365159#ixzz4RtPfANaV

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

‘Help Rohingya? Give them formal status in Malaysia’

‘Help Rohingya? Give them formal status in Malaysia’

Published 4 Dec 2016, 6:21 pm     Updated 4 Dec 2016, 7:00 pm

The Malaysian government can help the Rohingya community by recognising and helping those who are already in Malaysia, said former PKR deputy president Syed Husin Ali.

“If we truly want to help the Rohingya, then recognise their status here. Give their children a chance to be educated,” he said on Twitter.

Read more: https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/365155#ixzz4RtMbAZut

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Najib: Suu Kyi refused to meet Anifah over Rohingyas

Najib: Suu Kyi refused to meet Anifah over Rohingyas

Anne Muhammad & Zikri Kamarulzaman     Published 4 Dec 2016, 12:35 pm     Updated 4 Dec 2016, 4:56 pm

Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi refused to meet Foreign Minister Anifah Aman over the Rohingya crisis, claimed Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak.

“Suu Kyi said, ‘If you (Anifah) want to see me on bilateral issues yes, but I’m not willing to see you if you want to discuss the Rohingya issue’.”

Read more: https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/365129#ixzz4RtLoRTng

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Rohingya in Rakhine state suffer government retaliation

Rohingya in Rakhine state suffer government retaliation

Military uses indiscriminate violence in pursuit of Al Yaqeen fighters who demand equal rights for Rohingya Muslims.


Supporters rally against attacks on the Rohingya in Myanmar, in Dhaka, Bangladesh [Abir Abdullah/EPA]

by

When Faizul* fled the smouldering remains of his village in Myanmar’s Northern Rakhine state, he barely noticed the shards of wood that punctured every extremity of his body. He just wanted to escape the bullets raining down from a helicopter above. But by the time he reached Bangladesh, a shrapnel wound on his right leg had grown to the size of a golf ball, and its yellow flesh was festering with signs of an infection.

Two weeks later and the bacteria still threatens to invade deeper into his weakened body. He may have reached a refugee camp, but Faizul still cannot access professional healthcare.

“I am moving house to house every day, as it is illegal for me to be here,” he says while beads of perspiration crawl down his face.

The attack on Yay Khaw Chaung Khwa Sone village, where Faizul lived with his pregnant wife and two-year-old child, came in retaliation for the death of a column commander in an ambush by Rohingya fighters a day earlier, as reported by neutral observers and independent non-governmental organisations in Myanmar that have been monitoring and recording such incidents in regular reports.

“The military came into the village and whoever was in front of them, they started killing. Four people were shot while running away with me. I saw it with my own eyes,” says Faizul, who also claims to have seen a number of other atrocities.

“I saw two men hide inside some straw bales. They were burned alive in there … Two girls were also thrown into the fire,” he says.

Government spokesman Zaw Htay questioned the veracity of these claims in a conversation with Al Jazeera.

“Our government is not denying all of the allegations made by the international community … but [it is] very difficult to believe the Muslims in Maungdaw [a city in Rakhine state], as they are setting fire to their own villages, according to our information from ground troops and security forces,” he said.

READ MORE: Myanmar arms non-Muslim civilians in Rakhine

Rohingya refuge in Bangladesh

The latest outbreak of violence comes nearly two months after Rohingya fighters launched their first attack on a Myanmar border guard post. That ambush left nine officers dead and unleashed a brutal counterinsurgency operation which, according to official numbers, has killed more than 100 Muslims from the Rohingya minority.

Local sources say the death toll is much higher and accuse the military of a litany of human rights abuses including extrajudicial killing, arbitrary arrest, arson and rape. Meanwhile, a UN official has accused the government of pursuing the ‘ethnic cleansing’ of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar.

The attack on Yay Khaw Chaung Khwa Sone village was the first to see artillery and airborne ordinance since the counterinsurgency began. Graphic images of bloodied children and charred remains have emerged from the attack. This was the final straw for thousands of Rohingya Muslims, who have fled northern Rakhine state and sought refuge in neighbouring Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is already a reluctant host to more than 300,000 Rohingya Muslims, who have been arriving in the country intermittently for nearly 40 years.

The government has permitted only 30,000 to register as refugees with the UNHCR. The others survive in the shadows, beside the official camps, relying on the registered refugees for food and clean water, and under the constant threat of deportation.

Like those that preceded them, recent Rohingya arrivals have received a cold welcome in Bangladesh.

According to Amnesty International, the authorities have cracked down on the flow of refugees from Myanmar and, over the past two  weeks, the border guards have detained and forcibly returned hundreds of Rohingya.

The move is a violation of the principle of non-refoulement [PDF] – a prohibition under international law from forcibly returning people to a country or place where they would be at risk of serious human rights violations.

“The Rohingya are being squeezed by the callous actions of both the Myanmar and Bangladesh authorities. Fleeing collective punishment in Myanmar, they are being pushed back by the Bangladeshi authorities. Trapped between these cruel fates, their desperate need for food, water and medical care is not being addressed,” said Champa Patel, Amnesty International‘s South Asia director.

Torn community

Faizul travelled to Bangladesh under the cover of night, hoping to evade the border police, who heavily patrol the Naf river which separates the country from its troublesome neighbour. He travelled with seven male companions, leaving his pregnant wife and two-year-old child in a nearby village.

“It would be too dangerous with a small child, as he would cry and draw attention to us,” he says, trying to ease his feelings of guilt at leaving them behind.

“When the situation is calm, I will bring over my wife and child,” he says. “But I am worried all the time for my wife … the baby is due in two months.”

Despite international condemnation, the government campaign continues against the group responsible for the deaths of the military and security personnel in the border attack.

Faizul explains that he felt he had no option but to leave, as members of that group live in Yay Khaw Chaung Khwa Sone village and he feared he would be mistaken for one if he stayed in Myanmar.

READ MORE: Rakhine in Myanmar’s Sittwe tell of renewed attacks

The group has reportedly identified itself as Al Yaqeen, the movement of faith or hope. Their demands are not religiously motivated. In videos posted to their YouTube website, group members, filmed holding machineguns in a jungle setting, demand that their citizenship – revoked by the military government in 1982 – be reinstated and that they be given equal rights within Myanmar.

In their most recent video, uploaded to YouTube two weeks ago, the group calls on the international community to provide medical support and argues against the labelling of their community as “terrorists”.

According to Faizul, the fighters used Yay Khaw Chaung Khwa Sone to launch an ambush on the Myanmar military. Only four members had guns, he says. The rest were armed with homemade swords.

Faizul admits that his entire village cooperated with the fighters when they launched their attack on the military. “The village is supporting them because some of them are from our village and because they are fighting for our rights,” he says. “The military keeps killing people, so we have to defend ourselves.”

The UN estimates that up to 30,000 people have been displaced from their homes in northern Rakhine state since the fighting began last month, while 70,000 are in immediate need of food aid. Half of the 3,000 children already diagnosed with severe malnutrition are now considered to be in their final throes of life, as reported by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs office in Myanmar, at a news conference in mid-November.

But humanitarian assistance to northern Rakhine state has been prohibited by the military. For many of those Rohingya who are vulnerable, isolated and trapped between the Bangladesh and Myanmar governments, Al Yaqeen offers the only alternative.

“There are over 30,000 IDPs [internally displaced persons]. A thousand people who ran away to Bangladesh are now being pushed back; of course, there is the possibility that group membership will now grow,” Kyaw Win, director of the Burma Human Rights Network, told Al Jazeera.

“This group is the product of oppression,” says Kyaw Win, whose organisation has been researching the fighting groups in Rakhine. “They are people from that area and that location; we do not think they are supported, trained or have any connections to the outside. If they were supported or funded, why don’t they have boots to wear in the jungle, why don’t they have enough food, or any medicine?”

To counter the alleged threat from Rohingya fighters, the Myanmar government has begun arming and training a “regional police force” comprising non-Muslim residents from the troubled townships in northern Rakhine.

Aung San Suu Kyi

As the crisis deepens, many international observers are turning to State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi to condemn the human rights allegations levelled against the military.

But she has been silent on the matter. This silence is indicative of the limitations of Myanmar’s first democratically elected government in more than half a century. Despite winning last year’s landmark election with an overwhelming majority, Aung San Suu Kyi’s party, the National League for Democracy, does not have constitutional authority over the military or security forces.

“If you look at the way the military operates,” David Mathieson from Human Rights Watch told Al Jazeera, “she has no role and no way of directing them on the ground or governing their behaviour.” Mathieson’s organisation has been tracking the destruction of Rohingya villages using satellite technology.

“Aung San Suu Kyi has already said that she is no longer a human rights activist or a humanitarian, but a politician …,” says Mathieson.

It is a bitter lesson for the persecuted minority.

“I was ready to give my life for Aung San Suu Kyi, but now she will not speak up for us,” says Faizul, as he drags his wounded body in search of another bed. “The world needs to intervene, if they don’t help us, then there will be no future for the Rohingya.”

*Faizul asked not to use his real name for fear of persecution

Source: Al Jazeera

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

ICC SHOULD PROSECUTE GENOCIDERS OF MYANMAR TO SAVE ROHINGYA

all-in-one
Genociders of Myanmar whom ICC should charge for Rohingya Genocide according to principles of justice and abundant evidence of atrocities against Rohingya.

Rohingya was murdered brutally by Burma in front of Ibn Rohingya who has been pleading prosecutors of the World to charge the defendant since 1970s but at the court of justice, the defendant denied existence of Rohingya and blamed prosecutors for creating false allegation. Burma said “I’m Myanmar not Burma and there is no Rohingya in Myanmar, how can he be killed, you are deliberately accusing on baseless facts.

The ideas and judgements of one or two experts in a science or art concerning their science refute the opposing ideas of ten men who are not experts in it, even if they are experts in their own fields. Similarly, two people making a positive statement on Rohingya Genocide or Crime against humanity or ethnic cleansing in Myanmar defeat a thousand deniers, and win the case.

Thousands of millions of investigative scholars, interpreters of the law, and veracious ones who, with decisive proofs and powerful arguments, have proved Rohingya Genocide based on the reasons, victims’ statements, eyewitnesses such as videos and photos. Only two eyewitnesses are sustainable to punish a criminal for a judge.

Investigations and trials of genociders help strengthen the rule of law in a respecting society. Trials should remain a key demand of victims. Based on victims’ needs and expectations, International Community should play a vital role in restoring their dignity and delivering justice.

The Rome Statute established the International Criminal Court (ICC) to investigate and prosecutes individuals responsible for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by any regime or leader. If domestics courts failed to deliver justice, ICC should take action.

President Obama lifted sanctions against Myanmar, declaring that the government there had made ‘substantial progress in improving human rights,’ even though the country’s army is in the midst of a brutal campaign to drive out the Rohingya, a Muslim minority.

The West still expects a positive statement from Nobel Laureate, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi who has been legitimating Rohingya Genocide denying their existence and depriving all fundamental rights of Rohingya through Nazi-like State Policy.

 

Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi has urged the International Court of Justice to take action against the Myanmar junta for atrocities committed against the Rohingya in Rakhine State. He urged the whole World for the action. Pas president Datuk Seri Abdul Hadi Awang of Malaysia said international intervention was needed to address the persecution faced by the Rohingya minority in Arakan.

Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak had strong words for Myanmar State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and her government “We want to tell Aung San Suu Kyi enough is enough!” “Do they want me to close my eyes? Want me to be mute?””What’s the point of a Nobel Peace Prize?” “The World cannot just sit by and watch genocide taking place.”

We have been pleading the World since 2012 but we are still under genocidal program, why? Thousands of proofs regarding Rohingya Genocide are available. If those evidence are not enough for the trial of Myanmar genociders, let us know what kinds of evidence does ICC need to charge criminals against humanity. If I cannot prove crimes of Myanmar generals, any responsible court could decide death penalty for me.

More than 10,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh in recent weeks, the United Nations said on Wednesday, escaping a bloody army crackdown in the north of Rakhine state. More than 700 were killed, nearly 500 women and girls were raped by Myanmar army and more than 60000 Rohingya lost their homes during army’s genocidal operations since 9 October.

Source by: http://www.aungaungsittwe.com/icc-prosecute-genociders-myanmar-save-rohingya/

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

World must end ‘genocide’ of Rohingya Muslims: Malaysia PM

Sun Dec 4, 2016 9:30AM
Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak gestures while addressing a demonstration in the capital Kuala Lumpur on December 4, 2016. (Photo by AFP)
Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak gestures while addressing a demonstration in the capital Kuala Lumpur on December 4, 2016. (Photo by AFP)

Malaysia’s premier has called on the global community to help stop the “genocide” of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, slamming the country’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi for her inaction on the bloodletting against the minority community.

On Thursday, Najib Razak joined some 5,000 Malaysians, who had taken to the streets of Kuala Lumpur to show their support for Myanmar’s long-persecuted Rohingya community.

“The world cannot sit by and watch genocide taking place,” the prime minister said in an address to the large crowd.

Najib further called on the United Nations, the International Criminal Court and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation to intervene and help stop the plight of Rohingya Muslims.

The Malaysian leader slammed Suu Kyi for failing to act on the sufferings of Myanmar’s Muslim community.

Suu Kyi heads Myanmar’s National League for Democracy, which holds parliamentary majority. Promoted in the West as a democracy icon, she won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for her efforts towards “democratization” of the country.


Malaysians hold a protest in Kuala Lumpur on December 4, 2016 against the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. (Photo by AFP)

“What’s the use of Aung San Suu Kyi having a Nobel prize?” asked Najib. “We want to tell Aung San Suu Kyi, enough is enough… We must and we will defend Muslims and Islam.”

In a strongly-worded statement on Saturday, Malaysia’s Foreign Ministry slammed the Myanmar government for engaging in the “ethnic cleansing” of its Rohingya minority.

“The fact that only one particular ethnicity is being driven out is by definition ethnic cleansing,” said the statement.

Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims have fled to neighboring countries in recent years, it noted, adding the influx “makes this matter no longer an internal matter but an international matter.”

The 1.1 million-strong minority, which the government brands as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, has been suffering widely-reported systematic aggression for years.

The Myanmarese army has recently stepped up its crackdown on Rohingya Muslims in the state of Rakhine following a deadly attack on the country’s border guards on October 9. The government blamed the assault on armed Rohingyas.


A Rohingya refugee reacts after the death of her six-year-old son in a refugee camp in Teknaf, in Bangladesh, on November 26, 2016. (Photo by AFP)

The state has been under a military lockdown that came with a “counterinsurgency” operation following the October raid, which killed nine police officers.

The UN says more than 10,000 Rohingya have in recent weeks fled to Bangladesh, escaping a bloody army crackdown being waged against them in the name of security measures.

Those arriving in Bangladesh have recounted stories of gang rape, torture, and murder at the hands of Myanmar’s forces.

Myanmar has denied allegations of abuse, but has also banned foreign journalists and independent investigators from the area.

Government-allied Buddhist extremists have been waging communal violence in the Rakhine State, where the Rohingyas are concentrated, since 2012. Hundreds of people have been killed and tens of thousands forced from their homes as a result.

Source by: http://presstv.com/Detail/2016/12/04/496387/Malaysia-Myanmar-Rohingya-Najib-Razak-Aung-San-Suu-Kyi

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

US cautions crackdown in Myanmar could radicalise Muslims

US cautions crackdown in Myanmar could radicalise Muslims

Protesters hold signs during a demonstration against what organisers say is the crackdown on ethnic Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, outside the Myanmar embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia November 25, 2016. (Reuters)
Sun, 4 Dec 2016-12:37pm , Washington , PTI

 

A Somali-born student who recently launched a car-and-knife attack at Ohio State University in the US, reportedly protested about the killing of minority Muslims in Myanmar on Facebook.

 

It’s a scene straight out of Myanmar’s dark past: a military offensive waged beyond world view that forces ethnic minority villagers from the smouldering ruins of their homes.

The United States (US) government, a key sponsor of Myanmar’s democratic transition, says a security crackdown that has displaced tens of thousands of Rohingya Muslims and left an unknown number dead risks radicalising a downtrodden people and stoking religious tensions in Southeast Asia. The military moved in after armed attacks by unknown assailants on police posts along the border with Bangladesh in October.

The attacks in Rakhine State were a possible sign that a small number of Rohingya were starting to fight back against persecution by majority Buddhists who view them as illegal immigrants although many have lived in Myanmar for generations.

 

He is also calling on neighbouring countries, such as Muslim-majority Malaysia and Indonesia, to resist the urge to stage protests that could further stir religious passions. Assistant Secretary of State Russel told The Associated Press that, “If mishandled, Rakhine State could be infected and infested by jihadism which already plagues neighbouring Bangladesh and other countries.”

The plight of the Rohingya, once characterised by the United Nations (UN) as the world’s most friendless people, has attracted the attention of Muslim extremists since a spike in intercommunal violence in Rakhine in 2012 that left hundreds dead and forced more than 100,000 into squalid camps.

 

The Somali-born student who launched a car-and-knife attack at Ohio State University reportedly protested on his Facebook page about the killing of minority Muslims in Myanmar. And last weekend, Indonesian authorities arrested two militants who were allegedly planning to attack the Myanmar Embassy in Jakarta. It has also raised hackles in the political mainstream.

Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Razak, facing domestic pressure over an investment fund scandal, is reportedly planning to attend a protest in his religiously moderate country on Saturday and Sunday condemning the military operation in Myanmar.

Daniel Sullivan at the advocacy group Refugees International said increasing numbers of Rohingya are fleeing across the land border to Bangladesh, and the spike in violence could set off another exodus by sea.

Source by: http://www.dnaindia.com/world/report-us-cautions-crackdown-in-myanmar-could-radicalize-muslims-2279511

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Malaysia not doing enough for the Rohingya, says Wan Azizah

Malaysia not doing enough for the Rohingya, says Wan Azizah

| December 4, 2016

The opposition leader says Malaysia must use its position on the UN Security Council to press for an emergency motion on this matter.

 wan-azizah-rohingya

KUALA LUMPUR: Cancelling football matches and holding solidarity gatherings are not enough if Malaysia is serious in making a stand against the genocide of the Rohingya in Myanmar, said opposition leader Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail.

In taking aim at Prime Minister Najib Razak, Wan Azizah said although the Umno president had expressed sympathy towards the plight of the Rohingya at the party’s recently concluded general assembly, she questioned why Malaysia was not doing anything on the global stage, seeing that it holds the position as a Non-Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.

“The genocide of the Rohingya currently taking place in Myanmar is truly a major tragedy in human history. This tragedy is being witnessed by Malaysians and the entire world. Even so, the Malaysian government seems unwilling to act on this tragedy,” she said in a statement today.

She pointed out that Malaysia, which currently sits on the UN Security Council has the responsibility to press for an emergency motion on this matter.

Wan Azizah, who is also PKR president cautioned Putrajaya not to hide behind the excuse it frequently uses – Asean’s ‘non-interference’ policy – when it is pressured to take a more serious position.

“The Asean ‘non-interference’ policy is also used when the Malaysian Government does not want to discuss this issue in Parliament. Neither has the Malaysian Government acknowledged Rohingya refugees as war refugees,” she said.

She also hoped that as a founder member of Asean, Malaysia must take the lead in overcoming old traditions by bringing up this human tragedy at the next Asean summit.

“If the Malaysian Government was truly serious about the genocide of the Rohingya, the first thing that it must do is to acknowledge Rohingya refugees as war refugees,” Wan Azizah added.

Earlier today, Umno and PAS politicians put aside their political differences to come together for a solidarity gathering for the Rohingya at the Stadium Titiwangsa.

Najib, Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, PAS president Abdul Hadi Awang and his number two Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man were at the event.

Source by: http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2016/12/04/malaysia-not-doing-enough-for-the-rohingya-says-wan-azizah

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized