The Rohingya: Humanitarian Crisis or Security Threat?

The Rohingya: Humanitarian Crisis or Security Threat?

This article is part of “Southeast Asia: Refugees in Crisis,” an ongoing series  by The Diplomat for summer and fall 2015 featuring exclusive articles from scholars and practitioners tackling Southeast Asia’s ongoing refugee crisis.All articles in the series can be found here.

To respond to the alarming rise of stranded persons in the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal, the Royal Thai Government organized the “Special Meeting on Irregular Migration in the Indian Ocean” on May 29, 2015 in Bangkok. The meeting was convened to address the continuing exodus of migrants and refugees from Myanmar. These refugees are mainly Rohingya, a Muslim minority group. They have been treated as “second-class” and”non citizens,” suffering from social discrimination, massive violent repression, human rights violations, and political exclusion. In addition to repressive policies by the central government, the Rohingya have also faced extremely anti-Muslim sentiments fanned partly by government-supported Buddhist fundamentalism in Myanmar.

The Southeast Asian and South Asian region has witnessed tremendous human movement – including hundreds of thousands refugees from Myanmar trying to enter neighboring countries illegally – especially Bangladesh. However, despite the increasingly dire humanitarian crisis, most of the potential host states are reluctant to accept more Rohingya refugees. One of the major reasons for this is an increasing trend in the region of viewing the Rohingya issue not solely as a humanitarian issue, but also a security and political one. As awareness has grown in both dimensions – humanitarian and security – there is a growing recognition among the international community of the need to do more than just ignoring the worsening situation of the Rohingya.

Historically, the Rohingya are predominantly Muslim and closely related to the Bengali people. Originally, many of them migrated from the Indian subcontinent towards the east into ‘Theravada Buddhist Myanmar,’ especially during the British colonial time. Relations between Muslims and Buddhists in Myanmar started deteriorating during the country’s liberation struggle. Relatively soon after gaining independence, the new rulers in Myanmar identified the Rohingya as economic refugees, a move that would be significant to the socio-economic composition and political power structure of the country. A policy of repression soon followed, which treated the Rohingya as illegal migrants subject to eviction.

The severity of the Rohingya migration issue can be understood as a clear result of three intermingling factors.  First is the emergence of authoritarian (military) regimes in Myanmar. Second is the consequence of a cultural confrontation between different ethnic-religious communities in Myanmar. This conflict gained significance after the military rulers attempted to assimilate religious-ethnic minorities into the mainstream Burmese culture. A strategy of an enforced cultural unification, namely Burmanization, was used as a way of “National Reconsolidation.” Third is the initial ignorance and inaction from policymakers worldwide despite the fact that the Rohingya issue was increasingly having international implications.

Today, it would seem that awareness of the Rohingya and their illegal migration is finally rising within the international community. In part, however, this new attention to the Rohingya issue stems from the tendency to identify Rohingya refugees as a “non-traditional security threat.”

In particular, there is a growing conviction among analysts that the massive influx of the Rohingyas during the last decades is creating a multidimensional security crisis. As stateless refugees, they have become the face of security threats as well as various forms of psycho-social and human security challenges in Myanmar and in their new host countries across the region like Bangladesh.

Most Rohingya who have migrated to other countries live in extraordinarily deplorable conditions. Living in forms of involuntarily and illegal self-settlement, they have to deal regularly with security forces, the unease and resistance of local communities, and restricted access to food, drinking water, sufficient shelter, and clothing. Partly as a result of these circumstances, they are often more easily targeted by criminal networks, illegal businesses, and Islamic fundamentalist groups like the Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), or Harkat-ulJihad-al Islami (Huji).

This in turn leads illegal Rohingya migrants – particularly those living in illegal camps or unregistered as refugees – to be perceived as the cause of conflict. The movement of Rohingya refugees begins to be viewed through the prism of the rising challenge of controlling Islamic terrorism and political Islam in the region.

At the heart of this view is the following worry: the Rohingya problem is contributing to and is partly responsible for the rise of international jihadist movements. In more operational terms, there is the claim that the Rohingya are helping to support Islamic fundamentalism by acting as a (passive) recruiting base for Islamic militant extremists and through direct support for religious fundamentalism.

It is claimed that some radicalized sections of the refugees actively maintain links with banned Islamist groupings like JMB or Huji. Some radicalized Rohingya are accused of not only sympathizing with their fundamentalist worldview but also actively providing resources for these Islamist outfits, for example, providing training on arms and explosives. Additionally, there is the accusation that the Rohingya are using their international network to allocate funds from like-minded international organizations for militant groups operating in their host countries, especially in Bangladesh.

Rohingya have also been held responsible for the undermining of the general law and order situation in their host societies. Besides terrorism, extremist violence, and religious extremism, the Rohingya crisis is also seen as being associated with all kinds of criminal activities including narcotics, human trafficking, illegal trade in SALW (small arms and light weapons) and ammunition, stealing, armed robbery, and maritime piracy. Other major concerns are smuggling and illegal cross-border infiltrations.

Additionally, Rohingya have increasingly linked with growing rates of crimes related to extortion, sexual harassment (including prostitution and sexual slavery), killings for organs, domestic servitude, and forced labor by criminal networks in their host countries.

However, there is the tendency among authorities of host countries to ignore the fact that the Rohingya are mostly the victims and not the perpetrators in these scenarios. Rather, it seems that the general tendency up to this point has been to focus on the refugee crisis as the causal factor for the increase in security concerns.

Rohingya have also been identified by some host governments and local communities as a negative disturbance to local economies, especially when they are settling in underdeveloped regions. Some fear that the Rohingya constitute an additional demographic pressure on the already densely populated area with scarce resources. Others claim that the (mostly illegal) penetration of the refugees in regional job markets leads to further socio-economic inequalities and reduces employment opportunities for the local workforce.

Still others suggest that security measures are needed because the refugee crisis is causing instability, leading to a real reduction in trade and commerce, especially in the Bangladesh-Myanmar relations. In this context, Rohingya are also blamed by state authorities for delays in enhancing regional connectivity (infrastructure) and hampering the working relationship between Dhaka and Naypyidaw.

With bilateral talks between Malaysia and Indonesia and the earlier mentioned Bangkok conference on “irregular migrations”

Source by: http://thediplomat.com/2015/10/the-rohingya-humanitarian-crisis-or-security-threat/

on May 29, as well as other steps, the international approach to the Rohingya is finally moving from ignorance to action. But it would be naïve to think this trajectory is only due to the humanitarian crisis of the refugees. Rather, the negative impacts of illegal migration – particularly on the security side – have finally convinced the international community to act, even though this may be based on unfounded fears.

Given this, what is most important is to preserve the political will and to strengthen the decision-making procedures in order to work towards a coherent and comprehensive solution to the Rohingya problem. Attending to security concerns cannot be done at the expense of humanitarian needs.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Merhrom echoes PM’s call for UN to address Rohingyan crisis

Merhrom echoes PM’s call for UN to address Rohingyan crisis

Human rights group calls for emergency meeting over attacks after last year’s attempt failed

Updated 4 hours ago · Published on 27 Sep 2022 9:26AM

SOURCES BY : https://www.thevibes.com/articles/news/72566/merhrom-echoes-pms-call-for-un-to-address-rohingyan-crisis

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Merhrom echoes PM’s call for UN to address Rohingyan crisis
Prime Minister Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob’s urgent call to the United Nations has received support from the Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia as they echo his statements on taking urgent action to stop the ongoing crisis in Myanmar. – Bernama pic, September 27, 2022

KUALA LUMPUR – As violent attacks on Rohingya people escalate in Myanmar, a group in Malaysia concerned about the situation has welcomed Prime Minister Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob’s urgent call to the United Nations (UN) to address the root cause of the crisis.

The Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (Merhrom) condemned the renewed attacks by the Myanmar military, especially while the 77th UN General Assembly (UNGA) session is in progress.

“We urge the UN and its member states to hold an emergency meeting to stop the ongoing genocidal attack by the Myanmar military against the Rohingya in Arakan state and at the Myanmar-Bangladesh border area,” said its president Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani.

He lamented that the five-point consensus mandated by Asean leaders during a meeting in April last year to resolve the conflict in Myanmar had failed.

He said the ten-member Southeast Asian grouping must adopt a workable solution to deal with the Myanmar military to stop the atrocities there. 

Zafar reiterated Ismail Sabri’s call to UN member states in increasing the resettlement quota for the Rohingya refugees. 

“We hope Malaysia will continue to negotiate with the resettlement countries for our resettlement as we have no other durable solution,” he said in a statement.

In his address at the UNGA in New York on September 24, Ismail Sabri said it is the responsibility of all countries to take in more Rohingya refugees to be resettled in their respective countries.

He stressed that the political crisis in Myanmar had worsened the situation.

He said that although Malaysia is not a signatory to the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol, the country, on humanitarian grounds, has accepted nearly 200,000 refugees.

Pointing to new cases of brutality against Rohingyans, Zafar noted that humanitarian organisations are not being allowed to enter Rakhine and other states in Myanmar. 

He also referred to the case lodged by The Gambia in the International Court of Justice against military-ruled Myanmar over the Rohingyan genocide.

The west African nation accused Myanmar at the ICJ in 2019 of breaching the UN genocide convention over a bloody 2017 crackdown.

“This is clear evidence for Gambia for the ICJ process,” said Zafar. 

“The UN General Assembly must discuss the situation in Arakan State without delay,” he pleaded. “The UN Security Council must take action against the Myanmar military without delay to stop the ongoing genocidal attack on Rohingya.” – The Vibes, September 27, 2022

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Activist lauds PM’s call for countries to resettle more Rohingya refugees

Malaysia has accepted nearly 200,000 Rohingya refugees on humanitarian grounds, according to Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob. (MMEA pic)

sources by :https://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2022/09/25/activist-lauds-pms-call-for-countries-to-resettle-more-rohingya-refugees/

PETALING JAYA: A Rohingya activist has welcomed Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob’s call for all countries to do more to resettle Rohingya refugees.

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani, who heads the Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (Merhrom), said that Ismail’s speech at the United Nations general assembly (UNGA) highlighted the need for political will to resolve the root cause of the Rohingya’s plight.

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“Merhrom reiterates the call made by Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob to the member states of the Refugee Convention (1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees) to increase the resettlement quota for Rohingya refugees,” Zafar said in a statement.

“We hope Malaysia will continue to negotiate with the resettlement countries for our resettlement as we have no other durable solution.”

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Speaking at the UNGA on Friday, Ismail said that despite Malaysia not being a signatory to the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol, the country has accepted nearly 200,000 Rohingya refugees on humanitarian grounds.

In his speech, Ismail said it was crucial to look into the root cause of the Rohingya crisis, stating that their problems would not be resolved as long as the crisis in Myanmar continues.

According to the UN, over a million Rohingya refugees have fled violence in Myanmar in successive waves of displacement since the early 1990s, with a large majority of them housed in vast refugee camps in Bangladesh.

The UN said that following the military coup in February 2021, the humanitarian, human rights and security situation in Myanmar has rapidly deteriorated – making conditions even less conducive to refugees’ return.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

MERHROM STRONGLY CONDEMN THE ONGOING GENOCIDAL ATTACK ON ROHINGYA BY THE MYANMAR MILITARY ESPECIALLY DURING 77th UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY SESSION.

sources by: merhrom

25th SEPTEMBER 2022

DEAR CHIEF EDITOR,

                                                  PRESS STATEMENT

MERHROM STRONGLY CONDEMN THE ONGOING GENOCIDAL ATTACK ON ROHINGYA BY THE MYANMAR MILITARY ESPECIALLY DURING 77th UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY SESSION.

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) strongly condemn the ongoing genocidal attack on Rohingya by the Myanmar military especially during 77th UN General Assembly session. We urge the United Nations and its member states to hold an emergency meeting to stop the ongoing genocidal attack by the Myanmar military against the Rohingya in Arakan states and at Myanmar-Bangladesh.

In the recent incident on 23 September 2022, in the morning, a Rohingya man and Rohingya woman from Thabangtaung village in Buthidaung township were injured due to the firing of heavy weapons by the Myanmar military. In the afternoon, another Rohingya child and an elderly woman were injured in the village of Kaan Maung Si village.

On the same day, a heavy war took place in Tha Peik Taung village of Buthidaung. In the fight between the Arakan Army and Myanmar Military, five Rohingyas were injured very seriously in several parts of their bodies. This forced the Rohingya villagers to flee their village. About 1542 families were internally displaced without food, medicines and pure water. They need emergency support from the world donors as soon as possible.

Previously, on 16th September 2022, a 15-year-old Rohingya boy was killed and 6 other Rohingya were injured when mortar shells fired from Myanmar military exploded in no man’s land near Bangladesh-Myanmar border.

On 4th September 2022, Zamir Hussain, a 20-year-old Rohingya was shot dead by the military while riding a motorcycle in Sittwe. Zamir Hussain was shot in the neck for no reason and he died on the spot.

In the recent news, the humanitarian organizations were not allowed to enter Rakhine State and other states in Myanmar. The United Nations must quickly look into this matter to avoid catastrophe.

This is clear evidence for Gambia for the ICJ process. The UN General Assembly must discuss the situation in Arakan State without delay. The UN Security Council must take action against the Myanmar military without delay to stop the ongoing genocidal attack on Rohingya.

MERHROM welcomes the speech by the YAB Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri bin Yaakob, Prime Minister of Malaysia that there must be a political will to resolve the root cause of the Rohingya plights. Meaning that there must be a political will to end the Rohingya Genocide.

In line with the UNGA theme this year “A Watershed Moment: Transformative Solutions to Interlocking Challenges”, MERHROM calls upon all UN member states to make changes to the veto power as it contradicts with democratic principle. This is very crucial to ensure peace, freedom and justice around the globe.

Folllowing the failure of Five-Point Consensus, ASEAN must adopt a workable solution to deal with Myanmar military to stop the Rohingya Genocide and atrocity in Myanmar.

MERHROM reiterates the call made by the YAB Datuk Ismail Sabri Yaakob to the member states to the Refugee Convention to increase the resettlement quota for the Rohingya refugees. We hope Malaysia will continue to negotiate with the resettlement countries for our resettlement as we have no other durable solution.

Thank you.

“JUSTICE DELAYED IS JUSTICE DENIED”.

Yours sincerely,

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani

President

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization in Malaysia (MERHROM)

@ A Human Rights Defender (HRD)

Tel No: +6016-6827 287

Blog: http://www.merhrom.wordpress.com

Email: rights4rohingya@yahoo.co.uk

Email: rights4rohingyas@gmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/zafar.ahmad.

https://twitter.com/merhromZafar / or @ZAFARAHMADABDU2

https://www.linkedin.com/in/zafar-ahmad-abdul-ghani-

Note:

On 23 September 2022, the heavy war occurred in Tha Peik Taung village, Buthidaung between Arakan Army (AA) and Myanmar military junta two days ago at around 11am causing five Rohingyas injured by the shooting of heavy weapons between two parties. Below is the list of the Rohingya who injured during the fighting between AA and military:

1. Md Ahlom bin Md Ali, age 25 years old injured in his leg and in several parts of his body

2. Rokiya Begom bin Nur Alam, age 22 years old injured in several parts of her body

3. Md Amin bin Jamal Hussain, age 25 years old was cut with a knife at his neck by the military.

4. Kaisair bin Abdullah, age 17 years injured very seriously

5. Amaran bin MV Zubair, age 6 years injured in his leg.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Opening Remarks of SRSG Pramila Patten, UNGA 77 side event, Launch of the Framework for the Prevention of CRSV, 21 September 2022, New York

sources by: https://www.un.org/sexualviolenceinconflict/statement/opening-remarks-of-srsg-pramila-patten-unga-77-side-event-launch-of-the-framework-for-the-prevention-of-crsv-21-september-2022-new-york/

Excellencies, Distinguished Guests,

I am delighted to welcome you all this evening to the launch of the Framework for the Prevention of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence.

I wish to sincerely thank our guests and steadfast supporters, who join us here this evening. I would also like to express my appreciation to the 23 members of the UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict network, which I am proud to Chair, for their collective contribution to this innovative framework, and their commitment to work in synergy and common cause to achieve its aims.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

We gather here in the shared conviction that it is time to dig deeper and unearth the root causes of conflict-related sexual violence, and in their place, sow the seeds of prevention and change. The earlier and deeper these seeds are sown, the greater the chance that they will take hold and bear fruit. We can only ever expect to “reap what we sow”, and regrettably, many trendlines are moving in the wrong direction – feeding the flames of violence, rather than preparing the ground for gender equality and peace. For instance, we are seeing runaway military spending; arms proliferation; the spread of armed groups and mercenaries; shrinking civic space; reprisals against women in public life; misogynistic hate speech, incitement, and extremist ideology, including in the relatively ungoverned digital space; record levels of displacement; and an epidemic of coups and military takeovers, which have turned back the clock on women’s rights. As the framework before us affirms, wartime sexual violence occurs at the intersection of armed hostilities and gender-based discrimination, and results from dynamics specific to both.

Accordingly, the framework is equally focused on structural and operational prevention. Structural prevention includes addressing gender inequality as the root cause and invisible driver of sexual violence, in times of war and peace. This entails fostering the resilience of those at risk, and recognizing the nexus between economic and physical security. Operational prevention includes risk-mitigation measures and early action in response to early-warning signs. For too long, we have been locked in reactive mode, only addressing these atrocities after patterns have been verified. This framework reminds us that hard data is not a pre-requisite for precautionary measures and the pre-positioning of essential services. If we wait for perfect prevalence data, it will always be too late. We must act as soon as the red flag is raised. Yet, these signals are too often missed or dismissed because the voices of women in the path of violence are not taken seriously by security stakeholders.

Since 2008, a series of Security Council resolutions have demanded zero tolerance and credible consequences for these crimes. These resolutions ushered in a paradigm shift from viewing sexual violence as an inevitable tragedy, to addressing it as a preventable threat. They signaled that the survivors could no longer be sidelined from security policy, as second-class victims of second-class crimes. Cumulatively, they represent a political commitment to bring the full repertoire of diplomatic tools to bear to raise the cost of what has long been considered the “cheapest weapon of war”. To this end, sanctions must work in tandem with judicial accountability, to ensure that perpetrators and their financial backers have no “safe haven” or hiding place. To prevent the recurrence of these atrocities, we must replace impunity with unity. Whether they are rank-and-file foot soldiers or military commanders; whether they are civil servants merely following orders or political leaders giving them, every party must be answerable for their actions. Even the sound of bombs and shelling cannot drown out the demands of the law. Prosecution can be a form of prevention, with institutions like the International Criminal Court casting a long shadow over the calculations and conduct of belligerents. Conversely, amnesty and immunity embolden the perpetrators, equating to “license to rape”. Too many peace and ceasefire agreements remain silent on these crimes. Reintegration support for survivors and their dependents is too often a missing link in peacebuilding and recovery efforts, which should aim to restore social cohesion, and “leave no one behind”. The ancient trilogy of wartime terror – looting, pillage, and rape – which should have been relegated to history, thus remains in our daily headlines.

The founding vision of the UN Action network was to bring together security, peacekeeping, political, and human rights actors, alongside humanitarian responders and programmatic gender-based violence specialists, for a comprehensive approach. This includes upstream preventive diplomacy, as well as downstream service-delivery. In the same spirit, the framework we are launching today aims to leverage the comparative advantage and expertise of each UN Action entity, working in concert with Governments, civil society, researchers, faith leaders, the private sector, and of course survivors themselves. In this respect, the framework articulates a two-track approach, namely, to prevent sexual violence in the first instance, and to mitigate the secondary harms that arise in its wake. Compliance with existing norms of international humanitarian and human rights law is the most effective form of primary prevention. That is why I have emphasized the importance of moving from commitments to compliance, and from resolutions to real-time, real-world results. Secondary harms can also be prevented through assistance that is survivor-centered, rights-based, and trauma-informed, enabling survivors to rebuild their lives and livelihoods, and, ultimately, replace horror with healing and hope.

In terms of the way forward, prevention must permeate every step we take, including political advocacy; justice and security sector reform; disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration efforts; and community violence reduction initiatives. With the right combination of incentives, disincentives, and norms that are known, understood, and enforced, prevention is possible. I dedicate this framework to the survivors I have met in warzones around the world, whose voices and farsighted recommendations are still too rarely heard in the halls of decision-making and the corridors of power. Survivors from a range of contexts have repeatedly told me: “What happened to me could have been prevented”, and “No one else should have to suffer as I did”.

With these words in mind, I urge each of you to consider how you can contribute – within your respective roles, organizations, and spheres of influence – to translating the insights of this framework into tangible prevention practice. Only then will we realize our ultimate aim of “saving succeeding generations from the scourge of war”, including its most intimate and enduring atrocity, the scourge of wartime rape.

Thank you.

Wednesday, 21 September 2022

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Bangladesh: Rohingya youth killed by mortar shells from Myanmar

Bangladesh: Rohingya youth killed by mortar shells from Myanmar.

sources by: https://www.trtworld.com/asia/bangladesh-rohingya-youth-killed-by-mortar-shells-from-myanmar-60861

The event is the latest in a series of incidents where shells have exploded in Bangladesh, but the first to cause a fatality.

The Rohingya have been caught in the crossfire between Myanmar's military and the Arakan Army
The Rohingya have been caught in the crossfire between Myanmar’s military and the Arakan Army (AP Archive)

A Rohingya teenager has been killed when mortar shells fired from Myanmar exploded in Bangladesh.

At least six other people were injured in the incident late on Friday, said Dil Mohammed, a Rohingya leader in no-man’s land, which is along the Myanmar-Bangladesh border where an estimated 4,000 Rohingya live.

READ MORE: Bangladesh seeks China’s help for Rohingya repatriation

“We are living here in constant fear. Anytime any catastrophe can happen,” he said.

Lieutenant-General Faizur Rahman, head of operations of the Border Guards Bangladesh, also confirmed the death of the teenager.  Sources claim he was between 15 to 18 years old.

Troops have secured the frontier and strong protests will be lodged with Myanmar, Rahman added.

Caught in the crossfire

More than a million Rohingya are living in camps in southern Bangladesh that comprise the world’s largest refugee settlement, the vast majority having fled from Myanmar during a military crackdown in 2017.

The Rohingya have been caught in the crossfire between Myanmar’s military and the Arakan Army, an armed group fighting for self-determination for ethnic minorities in Rakhine state.

Friday’s events are the latest in a series of incidents where shells have exploded in Bangladesh, but the first to cause a fatality.

READ MORE: UN chief Guterres: Rohingya must be part of Myanmar crisis solution

Earlier this month, Dhaka expressed “deep concern over falling mortar shells inside Bangladesh territory, indiscriminate aerial firing from Myanmar in the bordering areas, and air space violation from Myanmar”.

Bangladesh’s foreign ministry has summoned Myanmar’s envoy in Dhaka three times in recent weeks to convey the country’s “grave concerns” over the mortar shells.

Dhaka hopes that repatriation of the Rohingya will start later this year, but experts say the clashes between the Myanmar military and rebels mean the conditions do not exist for the Rohingya to agree to return to their villages.

Source: TRTWorld and agencies

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Behind Myanmar military shelling in ongoing genocide of Rohingya – Merhrom

Behind Myanmar military shelling in ongoing genocide of Rohingya – Merhrom

Arakan Army also targeting villagers

Updated 3 days ago · Published on 19 Sep 2022 8:00AM · 

sources by :https://www.thevibes.com/articles/opinion/71818/behind-myanmar-military-shelling-in-ongoing-genocide-of-rohingya-merhrom

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Behind Myanmar military shelling in ongoing genocide of Rohingya – Merhrom
Both the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army forced the Rohingya villagers to leave their villages as they wanted to fight each other. The truth is that the fighting between the Myanmar military and the AA is a genocidal strategy by the military, as more Rohingya were killed compared to the fighting parties, writes Merhrom. – AFP pic, September 19, 2022

MYANMAR Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (Merhrom) is deeply saddened by the killing of a 15-year-old Rohingya boy and the injuries suffered by six Rohingya refugees when mortar shells fired from Myanmar military exploded in no man’s land near the Bangladesh-Myanmar border.

We regret that this incident took place a few days after army chiefs from 24 countries visited the refugee camps. 

Obviously, the Myanmar military is sending the message that the military is immune from any legal actions and is not afraid of violating the sovereignty of Bangladesh.

This incident raises critical questions. First, who is the real target of mortar shells from the Myanmar military? The Arakan Army (AA) or the Rohingya? 

The mortar shells are fired at targets which are close, as mortars do not have long range. The military is aware that the no man’s land is populated by the Rohingya refugees, not the AA. Obviously, the military is targeting the Rohingya, not the AA.

Second, how could the mortar shells from the Myanmar military fired directly into no man’s land, which is very close to Bangladesh and the refugee camps that can seriously threaten people’s lives and violate Bangladesh’s sovereignty and security?

Third, the military has been fighting with the AA for many years in Arakan state. The question is why has the fighting between them resulted in the killing of the Rohingya mostly, and not themselves?

Fourth, why did the fighting between the Myanmar military and AA take place mostly in the Rohingya villages where we witness lots of Rohingya villagers being killed while they are fighting?

Fifth, why did the Myanmar military continue attacking Bangladesh territory and sovereignty despite the Bangladesh government issuing the summonses to Myanmar’s ambassador in Bangladesh?

On 28th August 2022, the military dropped two live bombs from artillery shelling inside Bangladesh (Gundum, Tumbru) border which populated by the Rohingya. 

This is obviously a major threat to Bangladesh territory and sovereignty as well as the lives of one million Rohingya refugees who seek refuge in the refugee camps as the mortar shells landed very close to the refugee camps.

Arakan Army also targeting villagers

The truth is that the Rohingya are targeted by both the Myanmar military and the AA. 

We have much evidence on how the Myanmar military and AA persecuted the Rohingya villagers constantly. This situation has forced the Rohingya to flee the country to seek refuge. 

Both the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army forced the Rohingya villagers to leave their villages as they wanted to fight each other. The truth is that the fighting between the Myanmar military and the AA is a genocidal strategy by the military, as more Rohingya were killed compared to the fighting parties.    

Following the incident, we understand that the access to six townships, namely Buthidaung, Maungdaw, Rathedaung, Mrauk U, Minbya and Myebon, is temporarily blocked by the military. We urge the United Nations and the international community to closely monitor the situation in Arakan state.

We appeal to the Bangladesh government and the UNHCR to help the 4,000 Rohingya who are stranded in no man’s land. 

How long they could survive there in constant fear where their safety is at risk? Humanitarian aid must be rendered to them immediately and their safety must be prioritised.

We urge the United Nations and its member states to hold an emergency meeting to discuss the repeated attack by the Myanmar military against the Rohingya at the border, as well as the attack on Bangladesh security and sovereignty, which clearly violates international law. 

The 77th session of the UN General Assembly which takes place from September 13 to 27 in New York City is the right time to concretely discuss the situation of the Rohingya and the situation in Myanmar. 

Delaying legal actions against the Myanmar military and perpetrators only allows more innocent people to be killed and more civilians will be driven out of the country and become refugees in neighbouring countries. – The Vibes, September 19, 2022

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani is president of Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation in Malaysia (Merhrom)

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Work together with UNHCR, don’t chase them away – Merhrom

Work together with UNHCR, don’t chase them away – Merhrom

Published on 08 Sep 2022 2:28PM · 

sources by : https://www.thevibes.com/articles/opinion/70831/work-together-with-unhcr-dont-chase-them-away-merhrom

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Work together with UNHCR, don’t chase them away – Merhrom
Closing the United Nations High Commission for Refugees’ office in Malaysia will create more problems in Malaysia’s refugee management, says the Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia. – AFP pic, September 8, 2022

MYANMAR Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation Malaysia (Merhrom) requests the Malaysian government to discuss with the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) on the country’s refugee management instead of closing the latter’s office which will create more problems. 

Malaysia is currently hosting refugees from 50 countries. Managing them requires huge capacity and resources.

The government must also get inputs from civil society organisations and community-based organisations in order to find the best solution for refugee management. 

Recognising the rise of xenophobia against refugees particularly the Rohingya during the Covid-19 pandemic, more efforts are needed to bridge the refugee and the local community, and to overcome xenophobia as part of the country’s refugee management. 

The UNHCR office’s closure will not solve the misuse of refugee cards issue and definitely will have a huge impact on refugees and the country, which subsequently leads to new problems prohibiting the international community’s efforts to assist and support refugees worldwide.

Malaysia has a long history of helping refugees from Vietnam, Aceh, Palestine, Bosnia, Yemen, Syria, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and others. Malaysia has also contributed a lot to UN peacekeeping missions around the world. 

Therefore, the office closure does not appear to coincide with the important role played by Malaysia’s government and civil society organisations at the international level.

We understand it is not easy for Malaysia to host refugees from 50 countries. Thus, UNHCR’s role remains important in ensuring that refugees and asylum seekers can be well managed with the cooperation of the Malaysian government, civil society organisations, community-based organisations, the private sector and the people of Malaysia. 

It is very important for all parties to lend support to the Malaysian government and UNHCR in finding a durable solution for all refugees.

We especially request the resettlement countries to increase their refugee placement quotas to support the Rohingya genocide’s survivors which will help the Malaysian government and UNHCR to manage refugees better.

Merhrom calls upon the Malaysian government, UNHCR and civil society organisations as well as community-based organisations to sit together and develop a comprehensive policy on refugees and asylum seekers management. 

Through a comprehensive policy on refugee management, we will be able to help refugees without neglecting the host country and the host community. It is extremely crucial to create an enabling situation for all in order to avoid tensions between locals and refugees while UNHCR finds a durable solution for the latter.  

We have to recognise that the root cause of the Rohingya plight is the ongoing genocide. Since the Myanmar military coup in February 2021, more Myanmarese have fled to Thailand and Malaysia. 

Therefore, the United Nations and its member states, as well as the international community, have to take legal action against the Myanmarese military to stop the genocide and the persecution of the Rohingya people so that they can return home safely. – The Vibes, September 8, 2022

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani is president of Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation in Malaysia (Merhrom)

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

Find durable solutions to manage refugees

sources by : https://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2022/09/08/find-durable-solutions-to-manage-refugees

MYANMAR Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation in Malaysia (Merhrom) requests the Malaysian government and United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to hold further discussions on the management of refugees in the country instead of closing the UNHCR office.

Malaysia is hosting refugees from 50 countries, and managing them requires huge capacity and resources.

It is also important for the government to get inputs from civil society organisations as well as community-based groups in order to find the best solutions to manage refugees.

Recognising the increase in xenophobia against refugees, particularly the Rohingya, during the Covid-19 pandemic, more efforts must be taken to build bridges between the refugees and local communities. This can be part of the refugee management strategy in Malaysia.

Closing down the UNHCR office in Kuala Lumpur, as suggested by National Security Council director-general Rodzi Md Saad, is not the solution for the misuse of refugee cards. Instead, it will lead to new problems, which will hamper the efforts of the international community to assist and support refugees here.

Malaysia has a long history of helping refugees from Vietnam, Aceh, Palestine, Bosnia, Yemen, Syria, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and other countries.

Malaysia has also helped considerably in UN peacekeeping missions around the world. Thus, closing the UNHCR office will be seen as not consistent with the important role played by the Malaysian government and civil society organisations at the international level.

We understand that it is not easy for Malaysia to host refugees from 50 countries. Therefore, the UNHCR’s role remains important in ensuring that refugees and asylum seekers can be well managed with the cooperation of the Malaysian government, civil society and community-based organisations, the private sector and Malaysians in general.

We especially call on the resettlement countries to increase their refugee placement quotas to support the survivors of the Rohingya genocide. This will help the Malaysian government and the UNHCR to manage the refugees better.

MERHROM calls upon the Malaysian government, UNHCR and civil society organisations as well as community-based organisations to sit together to develop a comprehensive policy on management of refugees and asylum seekers. With a comprehensive policy, we will be able to help refugees without neglecting the host country and community. It is extremely crucial to create an enabling situation for all to avoid tension between the locals and refugees while the UNHCR finds durable solutions for the latter.

We have to recognise that the root cause of the Rohingya’s plight is the ongoing campaign of genocide by the Myanmar military. Since the military coup in February 2021, more Myanmar citizens have fled to Thailand and Malaysia.

The United Nations’ member states as well as the international community must take legal action against the Myanmar military to stop the Rohingya genocide and persecution of its citizens. Only then can the refugees return home safely.

ZAFAR AHMAD ABDUL GHANI

President,

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organisation in Malaysia

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

BEHIND THE LAUNCH OF MYANMAR MILITARY MORTAR SHELLS: ONGOING GENOCIDE ATTACK ON ROHINGYA.

18th SEPTEMBER 2022

DEAR CHIEF EDITOR,

                                              PRESS STATEMENT


BEHIND THE LAUNCH OF MYANMAR MILITARY MORTAR SHELLS: ONGOING GENOCIDE ATTACK ON ROHINGYA.

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) is deeply saddened by the killing of a 15-year-old Rohingya boy and the injuries suffered by 6 Rohingya refugees when mortar shells fired from Myanmar military exploded in no man’s land near Bangladesh-Myanmar border.

We regret that this incident took place a few days after Army Chief from 24 countries visited the refugee camps. Obviously, the Myanmar military is sending the message that the military is immune from any legal actions and is not afraid of violating the sovereignty of Bangladesh.

This incident raises critical questions.  First, who is the real target of mortar shells from the Myanmar military? The Arakan Army (AA) or the Rohingya? The mortar shells are fired at targets which are close, as mortars do not have long range. The military is aware that the no man’s land is populated by the Rohingya refugees not the Arakan Army. Obviously, the military is targeting the Rohingya, not the Arakan Army.

Second, how could the mortar shells from the Myanmar military fired directly into no man’s land which is very close to Bangladesh and the refugee camps that can seriously threaten people’s lives and violate Bangladesh’s sovereignty and security?

Third, the military has been fighting with the Arakan Army for many years in Arakan State. The question is why the fighting between them resulted in the killing of the Rohingya mostly not themselves.

Fourth, why the fighting between the Myanmar military and Arakan Army took place mostly in the Rohingya villages where we witness lots of Rohingya villagers have been killed while they are fighting.

Fifth, why the Myanmar military continues attacking the Bangladesh territory and sovereignty despite the Bangladesh government issuing 3 summonses to Myanmar’s ambassador in Bangladesh. On 28th August 2022, the military drop 2 lives bombs from artillery shelling inside Bangladesh (Gundum, Tumbru) border which populated by the Rohingya. This is obviously a major threat to the Bangladesh territory and sovereignty as well as the lives of one million Rohingya refugees who seek refuge in the refugee camps as the mortar shells landed very close to the refugee camps.

The truth is that the Rohingya are targeted by both the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army. We have much evidence on how the Myanmar military and Arakan Army persecuted the Rohingya villagers constantly. This situation has forced the Rohingya to flee the country to seek refuge. Both the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army forced the Rohingya villagers to leave their villages as they wanted to fight each other. The truth is that the fighting between the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army is a genocidal strategy by the military as more Rohingya were killed compared to the fighting parties.    

Following the incident, we understand that the access to 6 Townships namely Buthidaung, Maungdaw, Rathedaung, Mrauk U, Minbya and Myebon is temporarily blocked by the military. We urge the United Nations and the international community to closely monitor the situation in Arakan State.

We appeal to the Bangladesh government and the UNHCR to help the 4000 Rohingya who are stranded at no man’s land. How long they could survive there in constant fear where their safety is at risk. Humanitarian aid must be rendered to them immediately and their safety must be prioritized.

We urge the United Nations and its member states to hold an emergency meeting to discuss the repeated attack by the Myanmar military against the Rohingya at the border as well as the attack on the Bangladesh security and sovereignty which clearly violates international law. The 77th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA77) which took place from 13-27 September 2022 in New York city is the right time to concretely discuss the situation of the Rohingya and the situation in Myanmar. Delaying legal actions against the Myanmar military and perpetrators only allows more innocent people to be killed and more civilians will be driven out of the country and become refugees in neighboring countries.

“JUSTICE DELAYED IS JUSTICE DENIED”.

Yours sincerely,

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani

President

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization in Malaysia (MERHROM)

Tel No: +6016-6827 287

Blog: www.merhrom.wordpress.com

Email: rights4rohingya@yahoo.co.uk

Email: rights4rohingyas@gmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/zafar.ahmad.

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized

STOP ROHINGYA GENOCIDE TO END THE TRAFFICKING OF REFUGEES.

Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) strongly urges the United Nations, United States of America, United Kingdom, France Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Organization of Islamic Cooperation OIC, The European Union EU and ASEAN to Action Myanmar military junta to stop the genocidal attack on Rohingya and restore Rohingya citizenship in Myanmar in order to end the Trafficking of Rohingya refugees. The United Nations and ASEAN must specifically address the root cause of this problem.

MERHROM strongly urges all human rights organizations and the international community to pressure the United Nations and ASEAN to take serious actions against Myanmar military junta for committing Genocide towards its own minority. Without the continuous pressure from human rights organizations and international community, the global community will think that the Genocide is over.

We hope ASEAN countries will enforce its trafficking law to prosecute traffickers and protect the victims.We will continue to face this problem unless we are able to stop the Rohingya Genocide and prosecute the traffickers.

We thank you for your attention and ask that you take these steps in support of democracy, justice and human rights.

Thank you.

“JUSTICE DELAYED IS JUSTICE DENIED”.

Yours sincerely,

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani

President of MERHROM @ A Human Rights Defender

Pertubuhan Hak Asasi Manusia Etnik Rohingya Myanmar Malaysia (MERHROM) menggesa sekeras-kerasnya Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu, Amerika Syarikat, United Kingdom, Perancis Kanada, New Zealand, Australia, Pertubuhan Kerjasama Islam OIC, Kesatuan Eropah EU dan ASEAN untuk Tindakan junta tentera Myanmar untuk menghentikan serangan pembunuhan beramai-ramai ke atas Rohingya dan memulihkan kerakyatan Rohingya di Myanmar bagi menamatkan Pemerdagangan pelarian Rohingya. Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu dan ASEAN mesti menangani secara khusus punca masalah ini.

MERHROM sangat menggesa semua pertubuhan hak asasi manusia dan masyarakat antarabangsa untuk menekan Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu dan ASEAN untuk mengambil tindakan serius terhadap junta tentera Myanmar kerana melakukan Genocide terhadap minoritinya sendiri. Tanpa tekanan berterusan daripada pertubuhan hak asasi manusia dan komuniti antarabangsa, masyarakat global akan berfikir bahawa Genosid telah berakhir.

Kami berharap negara-negara ASEAN akan menguatkuasakan undang-undang pemerdagangannya untuk mendakwa pengedar dan melindungi mangsa. Kami akan terus menghadapi masalah ini melainkan kami dapat menghentikan Genosid Rohingya dan mendakwa pengedar itu.

Kami mengucapkan terima kasih atas perhatian anda dan meminta anda mengambil langkah-langkah ini dalam menyokong demokrasi, keadilan dan hak asasi manusia.

Terima kasih.

“KEADILAN DITANGGUHKAN ADALAH KEADILAN DINAFI”.

Yang ikhlas,

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani

Presiden MERHROM @ A Human Rights Defender

မလေးရှားနိုင်ငံရှိ မြန်မာတိုင်းရင်းသား ရိုဟင်ဂျာလူ့အခွင့်အရေးအဖွဲ့ (MERHROM) က ကုလသမဂ္ဂ၊ အမေရိကန်၊ ဗြိတိန်၊ ပြင်သစ် ကနေဒါ၊ နယူးဇီလန်၊ သြစတြေးလျ၊ အစ္စလမ်မစ် ပူးပေါင်းဆောင်ရွက်ရေးအဖွဲ့ OIC၊ ဥရောပသမဂ္ဂ EU နဲ့ အာဆီယံတို့ မြန်မာစစ်အစိုးရကို အရေးယူဖို့ အလေးအနက် တိုက်တွန်းလိုက်ပါတယ်။ ရိုဟင်ဂျာတွေအပေါ် လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှု ရပ်တန့်ဖို့နဲ့ ရိုဟင်ဂျာဒုက္ခသည်တွေ လူကုန်ကူးခံရမှု အဆုံးသတ်ရေးအတွက် မြန်မာနိုင်ငံက ရိုဟင်ဂျာ နိုင်ငံသားဖြစ်ခွင့် ပြန်လည်ရရှိဖို့၊ ကုလသမဂ္ဂနှင့် အာဆီယံတို့သည် ဤပြဿနာ၏ မူလဇစ်မြစ်ကို တိတိကျကျ ဖြေရှင်းရမည်ဖြစ်သည်။

MERHROM သည် ၎င်း၏လူနည်းစုများအပေါ် လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှု ကျူးလွန်ခဲ့သည့် မြန်မာစစ်အစိုးရအပေါ် ပြင်းထန်သော အရေးယူဆောင်ရွက်မှုများ ပြုလုပ်ရန် ကုလသမဂ္ဂနှင့် အာဆီယံအား ဖိအားပေးရန် လူ့အခွင့်အရေးအဖွဲ့များနှင့် နိုင်ငံတကာအသိုင်းအဝိုင်းအားလုံးကို ပြင်းပြင်းထန်ထန် တိုက်တွန်းထားသည်။ လူ့အခွင့်အရေးအဖွဲ့အစည်းများနှင့် နိုင်ငံတကာအသိုင်းအဝိုင်း၏ ဆက်တိုက်ဖိအားပေးမှုမရှိဘဲ လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှု ပြီးဆုံးသွားပြီဟု ကမ္ဘာ့အသိုင်းအဝိုင်းက ထင်မြင်လာမည်ဖြစ်သည်။

လူကုန်ကူးသူတွေကို တရားစွဲဖို့နဲ့ လူကုန်ကူးခံရသူတွေကို အကာအကွယ်ပေးဖို့ အာဆီယံနိုင်ငံတွေက သူ့ရဲ့ လူကုန်ကူးမှုဥပဒေကို ပြဌာန်းမယ်လို့ မျှော်လင့်ပါတယ်။ ရိုဟင်ဂျာ လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှုကို ရပ်တန့်ပြီး လူကုန်ကူးသူတွေကို တရားစွဲလို့မရဘူးဆိုရင် ဒီပြဿနာကို ဆက်လက်ရင်ဆိုင်ရမှာပါ။

သင့်အာရုံစူးစိုက်မှုအတွက် ကျွန်ုပ်တို့ ကျေးဇူးတင်ပြီး ဒီမိုကရေစီ၊ တရားမျှတမှုနှင့် လူ့အခွင့်အရေးကို ထောက်ခံအားပေးရန် ဤခြေလှမ်းများကို တောင်းဆိုပါ။

ကျေးဇူးတင်ပါတယ်။

“တရားမျှတမှု နှောင့်နှေးခြင်းသည် တရားမျှတမှုကို ငြင်းပယ်သည်”။

ရိုးသားစွာဖြင့်,

Zafar Ahmad Abdul Ghani

MERHROM ၏ ဥက္ကဌ @ လူ့အခွင့်အရေး ကာကွယ်သူ

By Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM) Posted in Uncategorized